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Chapter 4. Drawing with the Pen tool > Finishing the pear illustration

Finishing the pear illustration

To complete the illustration, you’ll make some minor modifications and assemble and paint all the objects. Then you will position parts of the arrow to create the illusion of the pear being pierced.

Assembling the parts

1.
Double-click the Zoom tool () to zoom to 100%.

2.
Choose Window > Layers to display the Layers palette.

3.
In the Layers palette, click the template icon (), next to the Template layer name, to hide the template.

4.
Choose View > Show Bounding Box so that you can see the bounding boxes of selected objects as you transform them.

5.
Choose the Selection tool () in the toolbox, and Shift+click to select the two single curved lines that you no longer need for the leaf. Press Backspace (Windows) or Delete (Mac OS) to delete them.

Select and delete extra lines.

Now you’ll make the stem and leaf smaller, and rotate them slightly using the Transform commands.

6.
Select the stem and choose Object > Transform > Scale. Select Uniform and enter 50% in the Scale text field. Select the Scale Strokes & Effects Option, and click OK.

The Scale Strokes & Effects Option scales stroke weights and effects automatically. You can also set this Option as a preference, choose Edit > General > Preferences (Windows) or choose Illustrator > Preferences > General (Mac OS).

7.
Choose Object > Transform > Rotate. Enter 45 in the Angle text field, and click OK.

Scale stem 50%.

Rotate stem 45°.

Now you’ll repeat the scaling and rotation on the leaf.

8.
Select the leaf and choose Object > Transform > Scale. Leave the settings as they are, and click OK to scale the leaf by 50%. Then choose Object > Transform > Rotate, enter 15 in the Angle text field, and click OK.

You can also scale and rotate objects by using the Scale and Rotate tools, respectively, or by using the Free Transform tool to do either. For information, see Lesson 3, “Transforming Objects.”

9.
Select the Selection tool, and move the stem and the leaf to the top of the pear.

10.
Move the parts of the arrow over the pear to make it look as if the arrow is entering the front of the pear and exiting the back.

Objects are arranged in the order in which they are created, with the most recent in front.

11.
Select the bottom part of the arrow, and Shift+click to select the curve where the arrow pierces the pear. Then choose Object > Arrange > Bring to Front to arrange them in front of the pear.

Painting the artwork

Now paint the objects as you like. In our color illustration, we have removed the stroke on the leaf, the stem, and the pear, and we’ve painted the fills with custom-made gradients called Pear leaf, Pear stem, and Pear body, which are provided in the Swatches palette. We painted the arrow with a dark blue color, and then we added some detail lines to the leaf, the stem, and the round part of the pear using the Paintbrush tool () and the Pen tool (). We also stroked the curve where the arrow pierces the pear.

1.
Select an object, and then select Fill on the Control palette to view the Swatches palette. Use the named swatches: Pear leaf, Pear stem, and Pear body for the appropriate parts and Dark Blue for the arrow.

To learn how to create your own gradients, see Lesson 8, “Blending Shapes and Colors.” To learn more about painting options in Illustrator, see Lesson 5, “Color and Painting.”

2.
Choose File > Save to save your work, then File > Close.

You’ve completed the lesson on drawing straight lines and curves. For additional practice with the Pen tool, try tracing over images with it. As you practice more with the Pen tool, you’ll become more adept at drawing the kinds of curves and shapes you want.

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