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Review questions

1What is a gradient fill?
2Name two ways to fill a selected object with a gradient.
3What is the difference between a gradient fill and a blend?
4How do you adjust the blend between colors in a gradient?
5How do you add colors to a gradient?
6How do you adjust the direction of a gradient?
7Describe two ways to blend the shapes and colors of objects.
8What is the difference between selecting a smooth-color blend and specifying the number of steps in a blend?
9How do you adjust the shapes or colors in the blend? How do you adjust the path of the blend?

Review answers

1A gradient fill is a graduated blend between two or more colors, or tints of the same color.
2Select an object and do one of the following:
  • Click the Gradient button in the toolbox to fill an object with the default white-to-black gradient or with the last selected gradient.

  • Click a gradient swatch in the Swatches palette.

  • Make a new gradient by clicking a gradient swatch in the Swatches palette and mixing your own in the Gradient palette.

  • Use the Eyedropper tool to sample a gradient from an object in your artwork, and then apply it to the selected object.

3The difference between a gradient fill and a blend is the way that colors combine together—colors blend together within a gradient fill and between objects in a blend.
4You drag the gradient’s stops, or diamonds in the Gradient palette.
5In the Gradient palette, click beneath the gradient bar to add a gradient stop to the gradient. Then use the Color palette to mix a new color, or in the Swatches palette Alt+click (Windows) or Option+click (Mac OS) a color swatch.
6You click and drag with the Gradient tool to adjust the direction of a gradient. Dragging a long distance changes colors gradually; dragging a short distance makes the color change more abrupt.
7You can blend the shapes and colors of objects by doing one of the following:
  • Clicking each object with the Blend tool to create a blend of intermediate steps between the objects according to preset blend options.

  • Selecting the objects and choosing Object > Blend > Blend Options to set up the number of intermediate steps, and then choosing Object > Blend > Make to create the blend.

Objects that have painted strokes blend differently than those with no strokes.

8When you select the Smooth Color blend option, Illustrator automatically calculates the number of intermediate steps necessary to create a seamlessly smooth blend between the selected objects. Specifying the number of steps lets you determine how many intermediate steps are visible in the blend. You can also specify the distance between intermediate steps in the blend.
9You use the Direct Selection tool to select and adjust the shape of an original object, thus changing the shape of the blend. You can change the colors of the original objects to adjust the intermediate colors in the blend. You use the Convert anchor point tool to change the shape of the path, or spine, of the blend by dragging anchor points or direction handles on the spine.



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