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Lesson 6. Adding Special Effects > Drawing the Magnifying Glass

Drawing the Magnifying Glass

In this task, you will draw a magnifying glass and use a lens fill to magnify objects underneath. You will also use the transparency lens fill to add a highlight to the magnifying glass.

Create a new document and name it lens.fh11. Save the file in the Projects folder. Then draw a circle about 150 pixels in diameter at the top middle of the page.

Remember to hold down Shift as you draw with the Ellipse tool to get a circle. The circle should have a stroke and no fill.

Choose Window > Transform to open the Transform panel and click Scale.

The Scale panel allows you to make a copy of an object and then scale it in one step.

For the Scaling option, be sure Uniform is selected, and type 85 in the Scale % text box. Deselect the Strokes option. Type 1 in the Copies text box. Then click Scale.

You now have another circle within the first circle. This second circle is 85 percent the size of the original circle. In addition to applying uniform scaling, you can scale the stroke, fill, and contents of an object proportionally as you make the copy. For example, if the stroke of an object is 1 point and you scale the object and its stroke 85 percent, the stroke size of the copy would be 0.85 point. For this example, you want the stroke of both circles to be the same, so you deselect the Stroke option.

Use the Alt-drag or Option-drag method to make a copy of the smaller circle and move it to one side. Alt-drag or Option-drag this copy and offset the new copy down and to the right of the first circle.

You should see two crescent shapes where the circles overlap.

Select the two overlapping circles and then choose Modify > Combine > Punch. Fill the resulting shape with 30 percent black and remove the stroke.

You now have a single crescent shape. You’ll use the shape later in this task to create a highlight area for the magnifying glass. The fill you added will help you place the shape later in this task.

Select the two concentric circles and then choose Modify > Combine > Punch. Fill the shape with black.

The Punch command creates a ring shape with a hole the size of the smaller circle. This ring will be the band around the magnifying glass.

Hold down Alt (Windows) or Option (Mac OS) and select the inner circle. Choose Edit > Clone.

You could also have used the Subselect tool to select the inner circle, but the shortcut is faster. The clone is the shape you will use for the magnify lens fill. The clone is filled with black, but you will change that in the next step.

On the Object panel, select the Fill attribute. From the Fill Type pop-up menu, choose Lens. If the Lens Warning dialog box opens, click OK.

The warning message informs you that spot colors displayed beneath a lens fill are converted to process colors. This change will affect your work if you are printing your document. You can select the option not to show the warning message again, but this is one instance where the message is a helpful reminder.

From the Lens Type pop-up menu, choose Magnify. Change the magnification level to 2X by either dragging the slider or entering the value in the Magnify text box.

The black fill is removed. You won’t see the effect of the magnify lens until you move the magnifying glass over another object.

FreeHand provides six lens types for you to choose among:

  • Transparency makes objects appear partially or completely transparent. You select a screen for the transparency using the color box or the pop-up menu. You adjust the degree of transparency by dragging the slider. The values range from 0 to 100. A value of 0 makes the effect completely transparent; a value of 100 makes the effect completely opaque.

  • Magnify enlarges objects under the lens. You can either enter a number from 1 to 100 or drag the slider from 1 to 20 to set the degree of magnification for objects under the lens.

  • Invert reverses colors to their complementary CMYK colors (their opposites on the color wheel) for a reverse-color effect.

  • Lighten lightens the colors of the objects beneath the lens. You adjust the effect by dragging the slider. A setting of 0 has no effect on the lightness, and a setting of 100 makes the area under the lens completely white.

  • Darken darkens the colors of the objects beneath the lens. You adjust the effect by dragging the slider. A setting of 0 has no effect on the darkness, and a setting of 100 makes the area under the lens completely black.

  • Monochrome displays colors underneath the lens as monochrome tints of the selected color. The intrinsic lightness of the original color determines the tint value.

FreeHand also provides three options you can use for the lens fill:

  • Select Centerpoint to display a handle at the center of a selected lens. To reposition the center point anywhere in a document, drag the center point using the Pointer tool. Shift-click the center point to return it to the center of the lens. The center point disappears when you deselect the object.

  • Select Objects Only to apply the lens effect to objects, not empty areas, under the lens.

  • Select Snapshot to capture the current contents of the lens, so that the lens can be moved anywhere in the Document without changing the lens contents.

Select the crescent shape you created earlier. Choose Modify > Arrange > Bring to Front.

The crescent shape is the highlight area for the magnifying glass and needs to be in front of the lens shape.

Move the crescent shape on top of the lens shape. Double-click the crescent and use the transform handles to make the crescent smaller.

Resize the crescent shape until it appears as a highlight on the glass of the lens.

Select all of the objects and then choose Modify > Group. Create a new layer, name it lens, and move the group to that layer. Create another new layer and name it map. Move the map layer below the lens layer.

The map layer will hold the object you want to magnify with your magnifying glass and needs to be beneath the layer that contains the lens fill.

Choose File > Import and import the location.fh11 file from the Media folder within the Lesson06 folder. Move the imported graphic to the map layer.

The graphic is a location map.

Move the magnifying glass over the red star on the map.

You should now see the part of the map below the lens magnified twice its size. The fill in the crescent shape is opaque and covers the area of the map beneath it. In the next step, you will change the fill on the crescent to a lens fill, but you will use transparency instead of the magnify option as you did for the glass.

Hold down Alt (Windows) or Option (Mac OS) and select the crescent shape.

The shape is part of a group. Using the modifier key allows you to select an object within a group.

Select the Fill property in the Object panel and change the fill type to Lens. Change the lens type to Transparency. Drag the opacity slider to 50 percent or type the value in the Opacity text box.

The transparency attribute of the lens fill uses the original color of the object: 30 percent black in this case. You can change the color by using the color pop-up menu or the color box. If you change the color of the transparency, you may need to change the opacity amount. For this example, you want the crescent shape to be visible, but not so dark that you can’t see the map area.

Save your file.



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