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Appendix A. Keyboard Shortcuts

Appendix A. Keyboard Shortcuts

To assign custom shortcuts, see page 529

 Mac OS Windows
 New Document dialog box Cmd-N Ctrl-N
 Open dialog box Cmd-O Ctrl-O
 Close Cmd-W Ctrl-W
 Save Cmd-S Ctrl-S
 Save As dialog box Cmd-Shift-S Ctrl-Shift-S
 Save a Copy dialog box Cmd-Option-S Ctrl-Alt-S
 Document Setup dialog box Cmd-Option-P Ctrl-Alt-P
 Quit/Exit Illustrator Cmd-Q Ctrl-Q
 Selection V V
 Direct-selection A A
 Magic Wand Y Y
 Direct-select Lasso Q Q
 Pen P P
 Type T T
 Line Segment \ \
 Rectangle M M
 Ellipse L L
 Paintbrush B B
 Pencil N N
 Rotate R R
 Scale S S
 Reflect O O
 Warp Shift-R Shift-R
 Free Transform E E
 Symbol Sprayer Shift-S Shift-S
 Column Graph J J
 Mesh U U
 Gradient G G
 Eyedropper I I
 Paint Bucket K K
 Blend W W
 Slice Shift-K Shift-K
 Scissors C C
 Hand H H
 Zoom Z Z
 Add-anchor-point + +
 Delete-anchor-point - -
 Convert-anchor-point Shift-C Shift-C
Dialog boxes
 Highlight next field/option Tab Tab
 Highlight previous field/option Shift-Tab Shift-Tab
 Cancel Cmd .(period key) or Esc Esc
 OK Return Enter
 Open/Save dialog boxes
 Desktop Cmd-D  
 Up one folder level Cmd-up arrow  
 Show/hide all palettes Tab Tab
 Show/hide all palettes except Toolbox Shift-Tab Shift-Tab
 Apply value in palette field Return Enter
 Apply value in field, keep field selected Shift-Return Shift-Enter
 Highlight next field (pointer in palette) Tab Tab
 Highlight previous field (pointer in palette) Shift-Tab Shift-Tab
 Highlight last-used field Cmd-~ Ctrl-~
 Preview/Outline view toggle Cmd-Y Ctrl-Y
 Pixel Preview view on/off Cmd-Option-Y Ctrl-Alt-Y
 Overprint Preview view on/off Cmd-Option-Shift-Y Ctrl-Alt-Shift-Y
 Use crosshair pointer (drawing tools) Caps lock Caps lock
 Show/hide Edges Cmd-H Ctrl-H
 Display entire artboard Double-click Hand tool Double-click Hand tool
 Fit In Window Cmd-0 Ctrl-0
 Actual size Double-click Zoom tool or Cmd-1 Double-click Zoom tool or Ctrl-1
 Zoom out (Zoom tool selected) Option-click Alt-click
 Zoom in (any tool selected) Cmd-Spacebar-click or Cmd-+ Ctrl-Spacebar-click or Ctrl-+
 Zoom out (any tool selected) Cmd-Option-Spacebar-click or click or Ctrl- – (minus) Ctrl-Alt-Spacebar-click or Ctrl- – (minus)
 Adjust Zoom marquee position Drag with Zoom tool, then Spacebar-drag Drag with Zoom tool, then Spacebar-drag
 Zoom in on specific area of artboard Drag Zoom tool or Cmd-drag in Navigator palette Drag Zoom tool or Ctrl-drag in Navigator palette
 Use Hand tool (any tool selected) Spacebar Spacebar
 Hide all unselected objects Cmd-Option-Shift-3 Ctrl-Alt-Shift-3
 Show All Cmd-Option-3 Ctrl-Alt-3
 Show/hide template(s) Cmd-Shift-W Ctrl-Shift-W
 Show/hide bounding box Cmd-Shift-B Ctrl-Shift-B
 Show/hide transparency grid Cmd-Shift-D Ctrl-Shift-D
 Standard screen mode/Full screen mode with menu bar/Full screen mode F F
 Undo last operation Cmd-Z Ctrl-Z
 Redo last undone operation Cmd-Shift-Z Ctrl-Shift-Z
Create objects
 Draw object from center using Rectangle, Rounded Rectangle, or Ellipse tool Option-drag Alt-drag
 Draw square with Rectangle or Rounded Rectangle tool; circle with Ellipse tool Shift-drag Shift-drag
 Polygon, Star, Spiral tools
 Move object as you draw with Polygon, Star, or Spiral tool Spacebar Spacebar
 Constrain orientation as you draw with Polygon, Star, or Spiral tool Shift Shift
 Add or subtract sides as you draw with the Polygon tool, points as you draw with the Star tool, or segments as you raw with the Spiral tool Up or down arrow Up or down arrow
 Align shoulders as you draw with Star tool Option Alt
 Increase or decrease outer radius as you draw with Star tool or decay as you draw with Spiral tool Cmd Ctrl
 Reselect (Select menu) Cmd-6 Cmd-6
 Use last-used selection tool (any non-selection tool chosen) Cmd Ctrl
 Toggle between Selection tool and Direct-selection tool or Group-selection tool Cmd-Ctrl-Tab Ctrl-Tab
 Toggle between Group-selection and Direct-selection tools Option Alt
 Select All Cmd-A Ctrl-A
 Deselect All Cmd-Shift-A Ctrl-Shift-A
 Select an object hidden behind another object Cmd-Option-[ Ctrl-Alt-[
 Add to selection with either lasso tool Shift-drag Shift-drag
 Subtract from selection with either lasso tool Option-drag Alt-drag
 Open the Move dialog box (object selected) Double-click Selection tool or Ctrl-Shift-M Double-click Selection tool or Cmd-Shift-M
 Drag copy of object Option-drag Alt-drag
 Move selected object the current Keyboard Increment (Preferences > General) Any arrow key Any arrow key
 Move selection 10x Keyboard Increment Shift-arrow key Shift-arrow key
 Constrain movement to multiple of 45° Shift Shift
 Cut Cmd-X Ctrl-X
 Copy Cmd-C Ctrl-C
 Paste Cmd-V Ctrl-V
 Paste In Front Cmd-F Ctrl-F
 Paste In Back Cmd-B Ctrl-B
 Set origin, open dialog box (for any transform tool except Free Transform) Option-click Alt-click
 Transform object along multiple of 45° (Shear, Reflect, Rotate tool) Shift-drag Shift-drag
 Scale object uniformly (Scale, Free Transform tools) Shift-drag Shift-drag
 Show/hide Attributes palette F-11 F-11
 Transform Again Cmd-D Ctrl-D
 Transform pattern fill, not object(any transform tool) ~ drag ~ drag
 Transform copy of object (any transform tool) Start dragging, then Option-drag Start dragging, then Alt-drag
 Transform copy of object (Transform palette) Modify value, then press Option-Return Modify value, then press Alt-Enter
 Scale object uniformly (Transform palette) Modify W or H value, then press Cmd-Return Modify W or H value, then press Ctrl-Enter
 Transform Each dialog box Cmd-Option-Shift-D Ctrl-Alt-Shift-D
 Bounding box
 Scale object uniformly using bounding box (Free Transform or Selection tool) Shift-drag handle Shift-drag handle
 Resize object from center using bounding box Option-drag handle Alt-drag handle
 Blend > Make Cmd-Option-B Ctrl-Alt-B
 Blend > Release Cmd-Option-Shift-B Ctrl-Alt-Shift-B
 Free Transform tool
 Transform from center Option-drag a handle Alt-drag a handle
 Distort Start dragging corner handle, then Cmd-drag Start dragging corner handle, then Ctrl-drag
 Skew Start dragging side handle, then Cmd-drag Start dragging side handle,then Ctrl-drag
 Make Perspective Start dragging corner handle, then Cmd-Option-Shift-drag Start dragging corner handle, then Ctrl-Alt-Shift-drag
 Temporary Smooth tool (Pencil tool chosen) Option Alt
 Close path while drawing with Pencil or Paintbrush tool Drag, then Option-release Drag, then Alt-release
 Add to existing open path using Pencil tool Cmd-click to select, then drag from endpoint Ctrl-click to select, then drag from endpoint
 Move anchor point while drawing with Pen Spacebar Spacebar
 Add-anchor-point and Delete-anchor-point tool toggle (either selected) Option Alt
 Use Add-anchor-point tool (Scissors tool selected) Option Alt
 Use Convert-anchor-point tool (Pen tool selected) Option Alt
 Constrain direction line angle to multiple of 45° with Direct-selection or Convert-anchor-point tool Shift-drag Shift-drag
 Join two selected endpoints Cmd-J Ctrl-J
 Average two selected endpoints Cmd-Option-J Ctrl-Alt-J
 Average and Join two selected endpoints Cmd-Option-Shift-J Ctrl-Alt-Shift-J
 Cut in a straight line with Knife tool Option-drag Alt-drag
 Cut in 45° increment with Knife tool Option-Shift Alt-Shift
Fill & stroke
 Show/hide Stroke palette F-10 F-10
 Default fill/stroke D D
 Eyedropper and Paint Bucket tool toggle (either one selected) Option Alt
 Fill/Stroke box toggle (Toolbox and Color palette) X X
 Apply last-used solid color < <
 Apply fill/stroke of None / /
 Color palette
 Show/hide Color palette Cmd-I or F-6 Ctrl-I or F-6
 Change fill color if Stroke box is active, or vice versa Option-click or drag in color spectrum bar on Color palette Alt-click or drag in color spectrum bar on Color palette
 Cycle through color models Shift-click color spectrum bar Shift-click color spectrum bar
 Swap fill/stroke Shift-X Shift-X
 Swatches palette
 Set options for new swatch Option-click New Swatch button Alt-click New Swatch button
 Create new spot color Cmd-click New Swatch button Ctrl-click New Swatch button
 Create new global process color Cmd-Shift-click New Swatch button Ctrl-Shift-click New Swatch button
 Show/hide Layers palette F-7 F-7
 Expand/collapse all sublayers and groups in a layer Option-click arrowhead Alt-click arrowhead
 Group Cmd-G Ctrl-G
 Ungroup Cmd-Shift-G Ctrl-Shift-G
 Restacking (keyboard)
 Bring To Front Cmd-Shift-] Ctrl-Shift-]
 Send To Back Cmd-Shift-[ Ctrl-Shift-[
 Bring Forward Cmd-] Ctrl-]
 Send Backward Cmd-[ Ctrl-[
 Select layer, sublayer, group, or object Click selection area or Option-click name Click selection area or Alt-click name
 Add to selection Shift-click selection area Shift-click selection area
 Copy selection to new layer, sublayer, group Option-drag square Alt-drag-square
 Hide/show all other layers Option-click eye icon Alt-click eye icon
 View a layer in Outline/Preview view Cmd-click eye icon Ctrl-click eye icon
 View all other layers in Outline/Preview view Cmd-Option-click eye icon Ctrl-Alt-click eye icon
 Lock/unlock all other layers Option-click blank in second column Alt-click blank box in second column
 Create top-level layers
 Create layer above currently selected layer Cmd-L Ctrl-L
 Create layer at top of list Cmd-click New Layer button Ctrl-click New Layer button
 Create layer below currently selected layer Cmd-Option-click New Layer button Ctrl-Alt-click New Layer button
 Create layer, open Layer Options dialog box Option-click New Layer button Alt-click New Layer button
 Lock/unlock (keyboard)
 Lock (selected object) Cmd-2 Ctrl-2
 Lock all unselected objects Cmd-Option-Shift-2 Ctrl-Alt-Shift-2
 Unlock All Cmd-Option-2 Ctrl-Alt-2
 Show/hide Character palette Cmd-T Ctrl-T
 Show/hide Paragraph palette Cmd-M Ctrl-M
 Hard Return Return Enter
 Soft Return Shift-Return Shift-Enter
 Highlight font field on Character palette Cmd-Option-Shift-M Ctrl-Alt-Shift-M
 Show/hide Tab Ruler palette Cmd-Shift-T Ctrl-Shift-T
 Create Outlines Cmd-Shift-O Ctrl-Shift-O
 Type tools
 Use Area Type tool (Type tool selected, over open path) Option Alt
 Use Path Type tool (Type tool selected, over closed path)Option Alt
 Switch to vertical/horizontal type tool equivalent as you create type Shift with any type tool Shift with any type tool
 Switch to Type tool when selecting type block Double-click with any selection tool Double-click with any selection tool
 Selecting type
 Select a word Double-click Double-click
 Select a paragraph Triple-click Triple-click
 Select all the type in a block Cmd-A Ctrl-A
 Move insertion pointer left/right one word Cmd-left/right arrow Ctrl-left/right arrow
 Move insertion pointer up/down one line Up/Down arrow Up/Down arrow
 Align left Cmd-Shift-L Ctrl-Shift-L
 Align center Cmd-Shift-C Ctrl-Shift-C
 Align right Cmd-Shift-R Ctrl-Shift-R
 Justify Cmd-Shift-J Ctrl-Shift-J
 Justify all lines Cmd-Shift-F Ctrl-Shift-F
 Point size
 Increase point size Cmd-Shift-> Ctrl-Shift->
 Decrease point size Cmd-Shift-< Ctrl-Shift-<
 Increase leading Option-down arrow Alt-down arrow
 Decrease leading Option-up arrow Alt-up arrow
 Set leading to current font size Double-click leading button on Character palette Double-click leading button on Character palette
 Horizontal scale
 Reset horizontal scale to 100% Cmd-Shift-X Ctrl-Shift-X
 Highlight kerning field (cursor in text) or highlight tracking field (type object selected) Cmd-Option-K Ctrl-Alt-K
 Increase kerning/tracking Option-right arrow Alt-right arrow
 Decrease kerning/tracking Option-left arrow Alt-left arrow
 Increase kerning/tracking 5x Cmd-Option right arrow Ctrl-Alt right arrow
 Decrease kerning/tracking 5x Cmd-Option left arrow Ctrl-Alt left arrow
 Reset kerning/tracking to 0 Cmd-Option-Q Ctrl-Alt-Q
 Baseline shift
 Increase baseline shift Option-Shift up arrow Alt-Shift up arrow
 Decrease baseline shift Option-Shift down arrow Alt-Shift down arrow
 Increase baseline shift 5x Cmd-Option-Shift up arrow Ctrl-Alt-Shift up arrow
 Decrease baseline shift 5x Cmd-Option-Shift down arrow Ctrl-Alt-Shift down arrow
 Curly quotes
 ' Option Shift-]
 ' Option-]
 Option Shift-[
 Show/hide Brushes palette F-5 F-5
Combine paths
 Compound Path > Make Cmd-8 Ctrl-8
 Compound Path > Release Cmd-Option-8 Ctrl-Alt-8
 Repeat last-used Pathfinder command Cmd-4 Ctrl-4
 Turn shape mode button into pathfinder Option-click button Alt-click button
 Show/hide Gradient palette F-9 F-9
 Reapply last-used gradient > (period) > (period)
 Reset gradient palette to black and white Cmd-click Gradient square on palette Ctrl-click Gradient square on palette
 Duplicate color stop Option-drag Alt-drag
 Apply swatch color to active color stop Option-click swatch Alt-click swatch
 Gradient meshes
 Move mesh point along one of its lines Shift-drag with Gradient Mesh tool Shift-drag with Gradient Mesh tool
 Add mesh point using adjacent mesh color Shift-click with Gradient Mesh tool Shift-click with Gradient Mesh tool
 Remove mesh point Option-click with Gradient Mesh tool Alt-click with Gradient Mesh tool
 Add new fill Cmd-/ Ctrl-/
 Add new stroke Cmd-Option-/ Ctrl-Alt-/
 Sample style and append appearance of selected object Option-Shift-click with Eyedropper Alt-Shift-click with Eyedropper
Clipping masks
 Clipping Mask > Make Cmd-7 Ctrl-7
 Clipping Mask > Release Cmd-Option-7 Ctrl-Alt-7
 View only opacity mask in mask edit mode Option-click mask thumbnail Alt-click mask thumbnail
 Disable opacity mask Shift-click mask thumbnail Shift-click mask thumbnail
 Change opacity in increments of 10 (for increments of 1, omit Shift) Click field, then Shift-arrow Click field, then Shift-arrow
Envelope distort
 Make with Warp Cmd-Option-W Ctrl-Alt-W
 Make with Mesh Cmd-Option-M Ctrl-Alt-M
 Make with Top Object Cmd-Option-C Ctrl-Alt-C
Effects & filters
 Apply Last Effect Cmd-Shift-E Ctrl-Shift-E
 Last Effect (reopen last effect dialog box) Cmd-Option-Shift-E Ctrl-Alt-Shift-E
 Apply Last Filter Cmd-E Ctrl-E
 Last Filter (reopen last filter dialog box) Cmd-Option-E Ctrl-Alt-E
Precision tools
 Show/hide Rulers Cmd-R Ctrl-R
 Show/hide Guides Cmd-; Ctrl-;
 Make Guides Cmd-5 Ctrl-5
 Release Guides Click selection area on Layers palette, then Cmd-Option-5 Click selection area on Layers palette, then Ctrl-Alt-5
 Release a guide Cmd-Shift-double-click guide Ctrl-Shift-double-click guide
 Convert guide between horizontal/vertical orientation Option-drag new guide Alt-drag new guide
 Lock/Unlock Guides Cmd-Option-; Ctrl-Alt-;
 Show/hide Grid Cmd-” Ctrl-”
 Snap To Grid Cmd-Shift-” Ctrl-Shift-”
 Snap To Point (Pixel Preview off); Snap To Pixel (Pixel Preview on) Cmd-Option-” Ctrl-Alt-”
 Smart Guides Cmd-U Ctrl-U
 Constrain Measure tool to multiple of 45° Shift-drag with tool Shift-drag with tool
 General Preferences dialog box Cmd-K Ctrl-K
 Save for Web Cmd-Option-Shift-S Ctrl-Alt-Shift-S
 Page Setup/Print Setup dialog box Cmd-Shift-P Ctrl-Shift-P
 Print dialog box Cmd-P Ctrl-P
 Show/hide Info F-8 F-8
 Keyboard Shortcuts dialog box Cmd-Option-Shift-K Ctrl-Alt-Shift-K
 Illustrator Help (online) Cmd-Shift-? F1



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