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Review questions

1:Describe each of the four brush types—Art, Calligraphic, Pattern, and Scatter.
A1: The following are the four brush types:
  • Art brushes stretch artwork evenly along a path. Art brushes include strokes that resemble graphic media (such as the Charcoal brush used to create the tree, or the Marker brush used to create the grass). Art brushes also include objects, such as the Arrow brush.

  • Calligraphic brushes are defined by an elliptical shape whose center follows the path. They create strokes that resemble hand-drawn lines made with a flat, angled calligraphic pen tip.

  • Pattern brushes paint a pattern made up of separate sections, or tiles, for the sides (middle sections), ends, and corners of the path. When you apply a Pattern brush to artwork, the brush applies different tiles from the pattern to different sections of the path, depending on where the section falls on the path (at an end, in the middle, or at a corner).

  • Scatter brushes scatter an object, such as a leaf, along a path. You can adjust the Size, Spacing, Scatter, and Rotation options for a Scatter brush to change the brush's appearance.

2:What is the difference between applying a brush to artwork using the paintbrush tool and applying a brush to artwork using one of the drawing tools?
A2: To apply brushes using the paintbrush tool, you select the tool, choose a brush from the Brushes palette, and draw in the artwork. The brush is applied directly to the paths as you draw. To apply brushes using a drawing tool, you select the tool and draw in the artwork; then you select a path in the artwork and choose a brush in the Brushes palette. The brush is applied to the selected path.
3:Describe how to edit paths with the paintbrush tool as you draw. How does the Keep Selected option affect the paintbrush tool?
A3: To edit a path with the paintbrush tool, simply drag over a selected path to redraw it. The Keep Selected option keeps the last path selected as you draw with the paintbrush tool. Leave the Keep Selected option turned on (the default setting) when you want to easily edit the previous path as you draw. Turn off the Keep Selected option when you want to draw layered paths with the paintbrush without altering previous paths. When the Keep Selected option is turned off, you can use the selection tool to select a path and then edit the path.
4:How do you change the colorization method for an Art, Pattern, or Scatter brush? (Remember you don't use colorization methods with Calligraphic brushes.)
A4: To change the colorization method of a brush, double-click the brush in the Brushes palette to view the Brush Options dialog box. Use the Method pop-up menu in the Colorization section to select another method. If you choose Hue Shift, you can use the default color displayed in the dialog box preview; or you can change the key color (the new color that will appear) by clicking the Key Color eyedropper, and clicking a color in the preview. Click OK to accept the settings and close the Brush Options dialog box. Click Apply to Strokes at the alert message if you want to apply the changes to existing strokes in the artwork.

Existing brush strokes are colorized with the stroke color that was selected when the strokes were applied to the artwork. New brush strokes are colorized with the current stroke color. To change the color of existing strokes after applying a different colorization method, select the strokes and select a new stroke color.



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