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Review questions

1:Name two types of Appearance attributes.
A1: The Appearance palette contains the following types of editable attributes:
  • Fill attributes (fill type, color, transparency, and effects).

  • Stroke attributes (stroke type, brush, color transparency, and effects).

  • Transparency attributes (opacity and blending mode).

  • Effects commands from the Effect menu.

2:How do you add a second stroke to an object?
A2: From the Appearance palette menu choose Add New Stroke. A stroke is added to the top of the appearance list. It has the same color and stroke weight as the first stroke.
3:What's the difference between a filter and an effect?
A3: Many commands in the Effect menu also appear in the Filter menu, but only the Effect menu commands are fully editable.
4:How do you edit an effect that's part of an object's appearance attributes?
A4: To edit an effect you simply double-click its name in the Appearance palette to display that effect's dialog box. You can then make changes and click OK to update them in the artwork.
5:What's the difference between applying a style to a layer versus an object?
A5: Once a style is applied to a layer, everything you add to that layer will have that style applied to it. For example, if you create a circle on Layer 1 and then move it to Layer 2, which has a Drop Shadow effect applied, the circle would adopt that effect. When a style is applied to an object, nothing else on that object's layer is affected by the object's style. For example, if a triangle has a Roughen effect applied to its path, and you move it to another layer, it will still retain the Roughen effect.
6:How do you remove an appearance using the Layers palette?
A6: In the Layers palette, click the target indicator of a layer. Drag the appearance indicator down to the Trash icon in the Layers palette to remove the appearance. You can also remove the appearance of a selected object or layer by using the Appearance palette. Select the object and click the Reduce to Basic Appearance button to return the object to its original state before the appearance attribute or style was applied.
7:How do you set the resolution for a file that contains filter effects?
A7: You change the resolution in the Rasterize Effects Settings dialog box. Choose Effect > Document Raster Effects Setting. Change the Resolution setting to Low (72 ppi), Medium (150 ppi), High (300 ppi), or Other. Click OK.
8:How do you preserve transparency effects when printing or exporting?
A8: To best preserve transparency effects, make sure that any transparency resides on the top layers (including any nested layers). Illustrator flattens artwork containing transparency before printing or saving artwork; flattening preserves only top-level layers, including nested layers. You can control the degree to which Illustrator maintains vector data or rasterizes the artwork to preserve transparency when flattening by using the Raster/Vector Balance slider in the Document Setup dialog box.

In addition, export the document to the Photoshop (PSD) file format. Exporting to the Photoshop file format retains the transparency masks and links created in the Transparency palette, and (top-level) layers as they were created in Illustrator.



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