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Shearing objects

Now you'll complete the flower with an orange center, scale it, and shear it. Shearing an object slants, or skews, the sides of the object along the axis you specify, keeping opposite sides parallel and making the object nonsymmetrical.

Click the Appearance tab behind the Info palette to bring the Appearance palette to the front of its group. (If the Appearance palette isn't visible on-screen, choose Window > Appearance to display it.)

The Appearance palette displays the fill, stroke, effects, and transparency of the last object created. By default the next shape you create will retain all of these attributes. Because the next shape will have different attributes, you will change this default setting.

Click the New Art Maintains Appearance button at the bottom of the Appearance palette.

The next shape will maintain only the stroke and fill attributes of the last shape.

Clicking New Art Maintains Appearance button

Select the ellipse tool () from the same group as the star tool () in the toolbox.

With the stars still selected and their center points visible, press Alt (Windows) or Option (Mac OS), position the ellipse tool's cross hairs over the stars' center points, and drag to draw an oval from the center.

Click the Fill box in the toolbox to select the object's fill. In the Swatches palette, click the Orange swatch to paint the oval a light orange color.

In the Color palette, drag the None icon, and drop it on the Stroke box to remove the stroke.

Draw oval shape and paint fill.

Drag and drop None button over Stroke box.

Now, you'll group and then shear the flower.

Select the selection tool (), Shift-click to select the three parts of the flower, and choose Object > Group to group them together.

In the Transform palette, type 10° degrees in the Shear text box, and press Enter or Return to apply the shearing effect on the flower.

Enter 10° shear angle.


Type 0.75 in in the W text box and 0.75 in in the H text box to scale the flower down to three-quarters of an inch.

Although the default unit of measure is set to points, when you type inches or in in the text boxes, Illustrator calculates the equivalent measurement in points.

You can have Illustrator convert unit values and perform mathematical operations in any text box that accepts numeric values. To automatically multiply or divide the size of an object by a number you specify, enter an asterisk (*) or a slash (/) and a number after the value in either the W or the H text box, and press Enter or Return to scale the object. For example, enter /2 after the values in the W and H text boxes to scale the object by 50%.

Using the selection tool, drag the flower next to the lemon in the bottom right corner of the page.

Choose Select > Deselect to deselect the artwork, and then choose File > Save.



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