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Lesson 4. Drawing with the Pen Tool > Finishing the pear illustration

Finishing the pear illustration

To complete the illustration, you'll assemble the objects together, paint them, and position parts of the arrow to create the illusion of the pear being pierced.

Assembling the parts

Double-click the zoom tool ( ) to zoom to 100%.

Choose Window > Show Layers to display the Layers palette.

In the Layers palette, click the template icon ( ) that's next to the Template layer name to hide the template.

Select the selection tool ( ) in the toolbox, and Shift-click to select the two single curved lines that you no longer need for the leaf. Press Backspace (Windows) or Delete (Mac OS) to delete them.

Figure . Select and delete extra lines.

Now you'll make the leaf and stem smaller and rotate them slightly using the Transform commands.

Select the stem and choose Object > Transform > Scale. Enter 50 % in the Scale text box, select the Scale Strokes & Effects option, and click OK.

The Scale Strokes & Effects option scales stroke weights and effects automatically. You can also set this option as a preference (choose Edit > General > Preferences).

Choose Object > Transform > Rotate. Enter 45 degrees in the Angle text box, and click OK.

Figure . Scale stem 50%.

Figure . Rotate stem 45°.

Now you'll repeat the scaling and rotation on the leaf.

Select the leaf and choose Object > Transform > Scale. Leave the settings as they are, and click OK to scale the leaf by 50%. Then choose Object > Transform > Rotate, and enter 15 degrees in the Angle text box, and click OK.

You can also scale and rotate objects using the scale and rotate tools or the free transform tool to do both. For information, see Lesson 6, "Transforming Objects."

Move the stem and the leaf to the top of the pear.

Move the parts of the arrow over the pear to make it look as if the arrow is entering the front of the pear and exiting the back.

Objects are arranged in the order in which they are created, with the most recent in front.

Select the bottom part of the arrow, and choose Object > Arrange>Bring to Front to arrange it in front of the pear.

Figure .

Painting the artwork

Now paint the objects as you like. We removed the stroke on the leaf, the stem, and the pear; and we painted the fills with custom-made gradients called Pear leaf, Pear stem, and Pear body, which are provided in the Swatches palette. We painted the arrow with a dark blue color, and then we added some detail lines to the leaf, the stem, and the round part of the pear using the paintbrush tool and the pen tool.

Choose Window > Show Swatches to display the Swatches palette.

Select an object, and then select a swatch in the Swatches palette to paint the object with a color, pattern, or gradient.

To learn how to create your own gradients, see Lesson 8, "Blending Shapes and Colors." To learn more about painting options in Illustrator, see Lesson 3, "Painting," and Lesson 11, "Creating Airbrush Effects."

In the Color palette, drag the None icon up and drop it on the Stroke box to remove the stroke of a selected object and still leave the Fill box selected.

Choose File > Save to save your work. Choose File > Close to close the file.

You've completed the lesson on drawing straight lines and curves. For additional practice with the pen tool, try tracing over images with it. As you practice more with the pen tool, you'll become more adept at drawing the kinds of curves and shapes you want.

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