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Lesson 2. Creating Basic Shapes > Drawing the piece of stationery

Drawing the piece of stationery

You can draw the diamond-shaped piece of stationery for the logo in a couple of ways. One way is to draw four-sided polygons (using the same methods you used to draw the triangles for the pencil tip). Another way, that you'll try now, is to draw using the rectangle tool, the rotate tool, and the Transform palette.

Select the rectangle tool ( ) in the toolbox, and position the pointer over the center point of the pencil body. Hold down Shift+Alt (Windows) or Shift+Option (Mac OS) and drag the tool to draw a rectangle of any size from the center of the pencil.

Holding down Shift as you drag the rectangle tool constrains the rectangle to a square. Holding down Alt/Option draws the rectangle from its center point rather than from the top left corner.

Now you'll use the Transform palette to enter precise dimensions for the square.

Choose Window > Show Transform to open the Transform palette.

Type 2.25 in the W (width) text box and 2.25 in the H (height) text box. Press Enter or Return to apply the changes.

Figure . Draw a rectangle any size from pencil's center.


Figure . Set dimensions with Transform palette.


Figure . Result.


Next you'll create a smaller square that's centered inside the first one.

With the square still selected, choose Edit > Copy to copy the square to the Clipboard. Then choose Edit > Paste in Front to paste the copy of the square directly on top of the first one.

In the Transform palette, type 1.5 in the W (width) text box and 1.5 in the H (height) text box. Press Enter or Return to apply the changes.

For information on using the transform tools and Transform palette in Illustrator, see Lesson 6, "Transforming Objects."

Now you'll rotate the squares to create the diamond shape.

Select the selection tool ( ) to automatically select the new square, and Shift-click to select the larger square.

Select the rotate tool ( ) in the toolbox and position the pointer over the bottom right corner of the larger square. Drag the corner to the left or right until a corner is at the top. (Smart Guides help to constrain the rotation to 45°.)

Figure . Use Transform palette to set dimensions of pasted copy.


Figure . Use rotate tool to turn selected objects 45°.


With the two squares still selected, hold down Ctrl (Windows) or Command (Mac OS), and drag the top corner point of the larger square to move the squares down to just below the metal eraser bands on the pencil.

Choose View > Preview, and then choose Object > Arrange > Send to Back to move the squares behind the pencil.

Figure . Drag squares down.


Figure . Arrange squares in back of pencil.


Click away from the artwork or choose Edit > Deselect All to deselect the artwork, and then choose File > Save to save your work.


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