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Chapter 14. How the Internet Works > Working with the Web

Working with the Web

The software bells and whistles for the World Wide Web (WWW) didn’t actually surface until 1991. Scientists at the CERN research laboratory developed the Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) so that they could exchange information about their projects over their TCP/IP network.

HTML is the file format used to create documents that can then be read by a Web browser such as Microsoft Internet Explorer or Netscape Navigator. HTML consists of tags that are used to format a document so that it can be viewed in a Web browser. HTML offers a rich environment for creating documents that can include graphics, sound, video, and links to other HTML documents, such as other Web sites.


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