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Chapter 1. COMPUTER NETWORKING OVERVIEW > PC Networking: How It All Began

PC Networking: How It All Began

Given that IBM brought a standalone, decentralized computing device—the PC—to the business marketplace in 1981, one would think that the theory, hardware, and software used to network PCs together had yet to be developed. In fact, though, the issues related to networking PCs had been worked out prior to 1980 by the ingenious researchers at the Xerox Corporation's Palo Alto Research Center (PARC). Not only did they create the Alto, a computer with a graphical user interface (GUI) and a mouse, but they also developed the hardware and software necessary to connect computers and printers together into a LAN.

Note

Oddly enough, Xerox never capitalized on many of the discoveries made at PARC. Apple was actually the first company to introduce a computer with a GUI interface and a mouse when it unveiled the Macintosh in 1984.



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