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Software

Software provides the protocol and services layers of the Windows networking model. When talking about software we focus on the services layer more than the software layer. Client PC hosts can be configured with peer-to-peer networking and client server services. Server software implements the services side of client/server software.

Windows software dominates SOHO LANs because basic networking functions are built in. Windows and other LAN servers perform general and specific network functions as determined by the capabilities of the software installed on them. Some Windows servers can be assigned database operation, others network management functions, while still others can act as fax and e-mail servers. Each special server requires basic Windows server software and then additional network application software for the specific function performed. For example, a Structured Query Language (SQL) Server would need the basic Microsoft Windows XP or Windows 2000 Server Software and then the Microsoft SQL Server software as well. Similarly, an e-mail server would need the Microsoft Windows 2000 Server Software and the Microsoft Exchange Server software. Not all server packages require Windows Server. For example, Microsoft SQL Server can run from Windows 2000 Professional just fine for some small SOHO offices because Windows 2000 Professional supports only 10 simultaneously active connections under peer-to-peer networking.


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