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Chapter 1. Automate a Light > Project Overview

1.1. Project Overview

This simple project will introduce you to basic concepts of electricity, wiring, and the X10 home automation communications protocol by replacing a wall switch to allow for remote control using X10. While the new switch could be controlled from anywhere in the house using a computer, remote control, or other device, you'll be automating it using a motion detector in the same room.

You will start by replacing the existing wall switch with an X10 wall switch. This is a fairly easy change, but the wiring can be complex, and you must follow safety precautions. You will then install an X10 wireless transceiver, which receives wireless signals from the X10 motion detector and sends commands across your home's power lines to the X10 wall switch. Finally, you will configure and position the wireless X10 motion detector. When you're done, the motion detector will trigger the light when you enter a room by relaying both wireless and wired X10 signals, as illustrated in Figure 1-2.


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