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Chapter 1. Introduction > Major Organizations

1.8. Major Organizations

To make set-top boxes available in retail stores and enable component sharing, the industry is gradually moving towards standards-based implementations. Several standard bodies are involved in this trend, including MPEG [MPEG], SMPTE [SMPTE], European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) [ETSI], Advance Television Systems Committee (ATSC) [ATSC], and Society of Cable Telecommunications Engineers (SCTE) [SCTE] in the U.S., and the Association of Radio Industries and Businesses (ARIB) in Japan. Two key consortiums working with those standard bodies are DVB [MHP] and CableLabs [TELETEXT].

1.8.1. MPEG

MPEG is an International Standards Organization (ISO) group that has developed many of the standards that are used today in iTV technologies. It is a family of standards used for coding audio-visual information (e.g., movies, video, music) in a compressed digital format. The advantage of MPEG is the delivery of audio and video in a compressed streaming format that is reliable in noisy environments.


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