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5.2. HTML

Tutorials on how to use HTML to specify content, such as Web pages, are out of scope for this section as they can be found in countless books and Internet sites [HTML]. Instead, the focus is on the nuts and bolts of the specification, the DTD, and some of the issues. This section presents an historical perspective specifying the HTML DTD back from the SGML days. The current state of affairs is described in the XHTML section.

HTML has been in use by the World Wide Web global information initiative since 1990 [HTML]. HTML 2.0 represents the industry consensus in 1994, and is specified by RFC 1866, which was later made obsolete by RFC 2854. HTML Version 3.2 represented an industry consensus in 1996, and HTML 4.01 was finalized in 1998.


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