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Lesson 2. Setting Up Your Document > Creating a master for footers

Creating a master for footers

The grid you added to the master is necessary for most of the pages in the document. In addition to the common grid, most document pages will require a footer, and some of these document pages will also require consistent placement of text and graphics. To accommodate these different designs, you'll create a separate master for pages that require footers, and another master that contains placeholder frames for text and graphics.

You can base master pages on other master pages. In this document, the footer master will be based on the grids master, and the placeholder master will be based on the footer master. By basing master pages on other masters, any change to the parent master will appear on the child masters.

A. A-Grid master B. B-Footer master C. C-Placeholder master D. Document pages based on B-Footer E. Document pages based on C-Placeholder

1.
In the Pages palette, choose New Master from the Pages palette menu.

2.
For Name, type Footer.

3.
For Based on Master, choose A-Grid, and then click OK.

You're now working on a separate master-page spread, as indicated by the selected B-Footer icons that appear in the upper section of the Pages palette. The grid you added to the A-Grid master appears on the new master spread.

A. Name of Master B. The A's indicate that the B-Master is based on the A-Master.

Dragging guides from rulers

Footers are often below the lower margin of the page, where there are no column guides. To position the footers accurately, you will add a horizontal ruler guide and two vertical ruler guides. This is easily done by dragging from the document rulers on the top and left sides of the window.

You can create page ruler guides, which apply only to the page on which you drag, or a spread ruler guide, which applies to all pages in the spread. Spread ruler guides also extend across the pasteboard.

1.
Make sure that the B-Footer master pages are still in view (the page box near the bottom left corner of the document window indicates which page is displayed).

2.
If the Transform palette is not open, choose Window > Transform.

3.
Without clicking in your document, move the pointer around the document window and watch the horizontal and vertical rulers as the pointer moves. Notice how the hairline indicators in the rulers correspond to the pointer's position. Also notice that the dimmed X and Y values in the Transform palette also indicate the position of the pointer.

4.
Holding down Ctrl (Windows) or Command (Mac OS), position the pointer in the horizontal ruler and drag to the 62 pica marker to create a ruler guide. Don't worry about placing the guide exactly at 62 picas—you'll do that in the next step. (You can look in the Transform palette to see the current position.)

Holding down Ctrl (Windows) or Command (Mac OS) while dragging a guide applies the guide to the spread instead of the individual page.

5.
To make sure the guide is at the 62 pica location, select the selection tool () in the toolbox, hold down Ctrl (Windows) or Command (Mac OS) and click the guide to select it (the guide changes color). In the Transform palette, the Y value is no longer dimmed because the guide is selected. In that Y box, type 62p, and then press Return or Enter.

6.
Drag a ruler guide from the vertical ruler to the 12p0.6 pica marker (the ruler guide will snap to the column guide at that location). Refer to the X value in the Transform palette as you drag.

7.
Drag another guide from the vertical ruler to the 88p5.4 marker.

8.
Choose File > Save.

Creating a footer text frame in the master

Any text or graphics that you place on the master page will appear on pages to which the master is applied. To create a footer, you'll add a publication title (“Origami”) and a page-number marker to the bottom of both master pages.

1.
Make sure that you can see the bottom of the left master page. If necessary, zoom in and use the scroll bars or hand tool.

2.
Select the type tool () in the toolbox. On the left master page, drag to create a text frame below the second column where the guides intersect, as shown. Don't worry about drawing the frame in exactly the right location—you'll snap it into place later.

3.
With the insertion point in the new text frame, choose Type > Insert Special Character > AutoPage Number.

The letter B, which represents the B-Footer master, appears in your text frame. This character will reflect the current page number in your document pages, such as “2” on page 2.

4.
To add an em space after the page number, right-click (Windows) or Control-click (Mac OS) the text frame to display a context menu, and then choose Insert White Space > Em Space. (Instead of using the context menu, you can choose Type >Insert White Space > Em Space.)

5.
Type Origami after the em space.

Next, you'll change the font and size of the text in the frame.

6.
With the insertion point still in the text frame, choose Edit > Select All to select the text and page-number marker.

7.
In the Character palette, on the font family pop-up menu, scroll to the g's on the alphabetical list and select Adobe Garamond. For Size (), select 10 pt.

Note

It's easy to confuse the Size menu () with the Leading menu (). Make sure that you change the font size, not the leading.

8.
In the toolbox, select the selection tool (). If necessary, drag the footer frame so that it snaps to the horizontal and vertical guides, as shown.

9.
Click a blank area of your document window or choose Edit > Deselect All to deselect the footer frame.

Notice that part of the footer frame is hidden by the guides. You will change a preferences setting to place the guides in back and change the column guide color.

10.
Choose Edit > Preferences > Guides (Windows and Mac OS 9) or InDesign > Preferences > Guides (Mac OS 10.1). Under Guide Options, select Guides in Back. Click OK.

Notice that the guides are now behind the footer frame.

Copying and pasting to create a second footer

You have created a footer text frame on the left master page. Unless you insert a similar footer on the right master page, only the left-facing pages in your document will have page numbers. You'll copy and paste the text frame to the right master page, and edit it from there.

1.
Using the selection tool (), select the footer frame, and then choose Edit > Copy. Choose View > Fit Spread in Window to show both master pages.

2.
Choose Edit > Paste. The text frame is pasted into the middle of the spread.

3.
Drag the pasted text frame to the right master page so that it snaps to the guides, mirroring the right master page as shown.

4.
Make sure that you can see the bottom of the right master page. If necessary, zoom in and use the scroll bars or hand tool.

5.
Select the type tool (), and then click anywhere inside the text frame on the right master page to place an insertion point.

6.
Click the Paragraph palette tab (or choose Type > Paragraph), and then click Align Right ().

The text is now right-aligned within the footer frame on the right master page. Now you will improve the mirror effect by placing the page number after “Origami” on the right master page.

7.
Delete the em space and page number at the beginning of the footer.

8.
Place the insertion point at the end of the word “Origami,” and then choose Type > Insert Special Character > Auto Page Number.

9.
Place the insertion point between “Origami” and the page number; right-click (Windows) or Control-click (Mac OS), and then choose Insert White Space > Em Space.

Left footer and right footer

10.
Choose Edit > Deselect All and then choose File > Save.

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