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Lesson 3. Project proposal > Assembling a master page

Assembling a master page

Every PageMaker publication contains at least one body page and one master page. While body pages contain the actual text and graphics of the publication, master pages contain repeating elements, such as margin and column guides, page numbers, headers, and footers. In PageMaker, the default master page is called Document Master. You can create and name additional master pages if your publication contains more than one page design. For example, in a book the table of contents, chapter divider, first page of a chapter, body of the chapter, and index all may have separate master pages.

To produce a more cohesive design for this multipage publication, you will establish a master page that will contain a variety of design elements, such as guides, repeating text, page numbering, and graphic elements that will be common to all its pages.

Creating a new publication

To create a master page, create a new or open an existing publication, and then display the master page itself.

1.
Choose File > New. Make sure Letter is selected for Page Size. Click Double-sided to deselect it. To set the margin guides, type 2.5 for Left, .75 for Right, .75 for Top, and .75 for Bottom. Choose 600 dpi for Target Output Resolution and choose (Windows only) HP LaserJet 5Si for Compose to Printer. Then click OK.

Note

If you do not have the required printer, you can still create the project as directed and then print it on your own printer by selecting your printer and its PPD (if it is a PostScript printer) in the Print dialog box when it is time to print. You can also use the Export Adobe PDF command to create an Adobe PDF version of the project rather than a printed copy, as described in Creating an Adobe PDF version of the flyer on page 41.

The publication window displays the untitled publication with the specified page dimensions and margin guides.

2.
Choose File > Save As, and type 03Work.pmd for the file name, open the 03Lesson folder (if not already open), and click Save.

The page 1 icon is highlighted, indicating page 1 is selected. To import, create, and modify text and graphic elements on a master page, you must select the master page.

3.
Click the R master-page icon in the lower left corner of the publication window.

PageMaker displays the master page, and highlights the R icon. The page still displays the margin guides you specified in the Document Setup dialog box.

Note

A single-sided publication has only one master-page icon. In a double-sided publication, you would see master-page icons L and R (for the left and right master pages).


Creating column guides

With the margins already defined using the Document Setup dialog box, you are ready to specify the column guides. Even though it is possible to vary column guides from page to page, placing column guides on master pages provides a consistent look throughout a publication. In addition, specifying column guides on the master page saves you the effort of specifying column guides on individual pages.

1.
Choose Layout > Column Guides. Type 2 for Number of columns, and click OK.

PageMaker automatically creates columns of equal width, filling the entire image area between margin guides. Any column guides or ruler guides you create on a master page are automatically displayed on publication pages.

2.
Choose File > Save.

Adding tints to the Colors palette

In previous lessons, you used the Colors palette to apply tints (lightened colors) to text and graphic objects. In this lesson, you will add two tints of black to the Colors palette, providing a shortcut to applying the same tint to multiple objects.

1.
Choose Utilities > Define Colors, and click the New button.

2.
In the Color Options dialog box, type 20% Gray for Name, choose Tint for Type, choose Black for Base Color, type 20 for Tint, and click OK to close each dialog box.

You need to define another color, but this time you'll use the Colors palette.

3.
In the Colors palette, either click the new color button at the bottom of the palette or choose New Color from the palette menu.

4.
In the Color Options dialog box, type 10% Gray for Name, choose Tint for Type, choose Black for Base Color, type 10 for Tint, and click OK.

The Colors palette displays the tints 10% Gray and 20% Gray in its list of colors and adds a % sign to the right of each tint name.

5.
Choose File > Save.

Using the Control palette to resize an object proportionally

After drawing a circle, you will use the Control palette to resize and position it. This circle will serve to frame the page numbers.

1.
Select the zoom tool (), and magnify the view of the upper left corner of the page.

2.
Select the ellipse tool (), hold down Shift (to constrain the ellipse to a circle), and drag to draw a circle of any diameter in the upper left corner of the page.

3.
In the Control palette, click the Scaling button to toggle it to proportional scaling () so that the circle stays round. Then type .85 for W, and press Enter or Return.

By default, the Scaling button is set to non-proportional scaling, letting you scale an object's height and width independently. When set to proportional scaling, you can enter a single value and PageMaker resizes the object evenly in both directions.

4.
In the Colors palette, click the Both button (), and select 20% Gray to apply the 20% tint of black to the stroke and fill of the circle.

5.
Choose File > Save.

Specifying automatic page numbering

To automatically number all pages in this publication, you will place a page-number marker on the master page.

Note

With PageMaker, you can number the pages of a multiple-publication document consecutively from the first publication through the last, restart the page numbering in each publication, or combine the two methods. You can also tell PageMaker to begin each successive publication on the next odd or even page number.


1.
Select the text tool (), and drag to define a text block over the gray circle that is wider and taller than the gray circle (exact dimensions are not important).

You'll set the text attributes before you type the page-number marker.

2.
In the Control palette, choose AGaramond Bold for Font. Type 50 for Size () and 70 for Leading (). Click the Paragraph view button (), and click the Center-align button ().

3.
Hold down Ctrl and Alt (Windows) or Command and Option (Macintosh), and press p.

The center-aligned page-number marker RM (right master) is displayed on the gray circle, indicating where page numbers will appear.

Note

If your publication had facing pages, you would add a page-number marker on both the right and left master pages.

4.
Select the pointer tool, and click the page-number marker. Then hold down Shift together with Ctrl (Windows) or Command (Macintosh) and click again to select the circle. (Holding down Ctrl or Command lets you select an object underneath an object.)

5.
With both objects selected, choose Element > Align Objects (Windows) or Element > Align (Macintosh). Click both the vertical and horizontal Center-Align buttons, and click OK.

6.
With both objects still selected, select the center reference point in the Control palette Proxy icon. Type 1 for X and .75 for Y, and press Enter or Return to align the center of the two objects with the specified coordinate position.

Remember

Unless otherwise stated, the reference point in the Control palette Proxy icon should be a square point, not an arrow.

7.
Select the text tool, and double-click the page-number marker to select it.

8.
In the Colors palette, click [Paper] to apply the paper color to the page number.

9.
Choose File > Save.

Establishing a publication default stroke style and weight

Before drawing lines (to be printed) over ruler guides and column guides (which don't print), you will set a default stroke style and weight for the publication. If you know ahead of time that several elements in your publication will share certain characteristics (such as stroke style and weight), selecting default settings can save you time. For example, once you set a stroke style and weight, PageMaker will use those default settings each time you draw a line, ellipse, rectangle, polygon, or frame.

1.
Click the pointer tool in the toolbox to deselect all objects.

2.
Choose Element > Stroke > .5-pt line to establish a publication default.

3.
Choose View > Send Guides to Back.

4.
From the horizontal ruler, drag to create a horizontal ruler guide at approximately 2.16 inches.

Note

Use the Control palette to help you position ruler guides. It displays the pointer location as you drag.)

5.
From the vertical ruler, drag to create a vertical ruler guide at 1 inch.

The first line segment you will draw is a vertical line.

6.
Select the constrained-line tool (), position the crosshair on the intersection of the bottom edge of the gray circle and the 1-inch vertical ruler guide, and drag down to the 2.16-inch horizontal ruler guide to draw a line.

Rather than creating a new vertical ruler guide, you will reposition an existing guide that is no longer needed.

7.
Select the pointer tool, and position the pointer over the existing 1-inch vertical ruler guide. Hold down the mouse button until the pointer changes to a double arrow, drag it until it is aligned with the 2.25-inch mark on the horizontal ruler, and release the mouse button to reposition the guide.

The second line segment you will draw is a horizontal line.

8.
Select the constrained-line tool, position the crosshair at the ending point of the line you just drew, and drag right to the intersection of the 2.16-inch horizontal ruler guide and the 2.25-inch vertical ruler guide to draw a second line.

9.
Choose View > Fit in Window to view the entire master page.

10.
From the horizontal ruler, drag to create a horizontal ruler guide aligned with the bottom margin guide at 10.25 inches.

The 10.25-inch horizontal ruler guide extends beyond the bounds of the bottom margin guide, facilitating precise alignment across the entire page.

The final line segment you will draw is a vertical line.

11.
With the constrained-line tool still selected, position the crosshair at the right ending point of the second line you just drew, and drag down to the 10.25-inch horizontal ruler guide to draw a third line.

12.
Choose File > Save.

Creating the rotated display text

You will create, rotate, and align the display text that is positioned in the left margin of the master page.

1.
Select the text tool (), drag to define a text block that spans the width of the image area (between the left and right margin guides).

Before typing the text, you will use the Control palette to format the text.

2.
In the Control palette, press the Character-view button. Then, choose AGaramond (Regular) for Font, type 130 for Size (), and click the Apply button ().

3.
Type Project.

4.
With the text tool selected, double-click Project to select it. In the Colors palette, click 10% Gray to apply the 10% tint of black to the text.

5.
Select the pointer tool, and click the text to select it as a text block. In the Control palette, make sure the center point of the Proxy icon is selected, type 90 for Rotation (), and click the Apply button ().

The text is rotated on the center point of the text block.

6.
From the horizontal ruler, drag to create a horizontal ruler guide at approximately 9.12 inches.

7.
From the vertical ruler, drag to create a vertical ruler guide at approximately 1.57 inches.

8.
Choose View > Snap to Guides to deselect (uncheck) the option.

9.
With the pointer tool still selected, click the text Project to select it as a text block, and drag it until its baseline is aligned with the 1.57-inch vertical ruler guide, with the bottom edge of the letter P aligned with the 9.12-inch horizontal ruler guide.

Remember

If you drag immediately after pressing the mouse button, you see the bounding box of the text block. If you pause before you drag, you see the characters in the text block as you drag, making it easier to align the baseline to a ruler guide or to align characters to each other.

10.
Choose File > Save.

Replacing selected text

You can save a bit of time if you copy and paste the word Project to create a new text block, and then replace Project with the word Plan. The new word will already be rotated and have the correct font applied.

1.
With the pointer tool still selected, click the word Project to select it as a text block, and choose Edit > Copy, and then choose Edit > Paste.

The pasted text block is rotated like the copied text block, and the text is formatted like the copied text.

2.
Select the text tool (), double-click the pasted text to select it, and type Plan to replace the pasted text.

3.
Double-click the word Plan to select it, and in the Colors palette click 20% Gray.

This design calls for the word Plan to use a smaller font size.

4.
With Plan still selected, in the Control palette type 100 for Size (), and click the Apply button.

5.
Select the pointer tool, and drag the existing 2.25-inch vertical ruler guide to approximately 2.15 inches.

6.
With the pointer tool still selected, click the word Plan to select it as a text block, and drag it until its baseline is aligned with the 2.15-inch vertical ruler guide, with the stem of the letter P in the word Plan aligned with the stem of the letter t in the word Project as shown below.

7.
With the pointer tool selected, drag the top right handle to conform to the word Plan.

Plan overlaps Project, and the master page is complete.

8.
Choose Edit > Select All and then Element > Lock Position to prevent accidentally modifying the master-page elements.

9.
Choose File > Save.

Displaying and hiding master-page elements

You can display master-page elements on a page-by-page basis, making it possible to create a publication that makes use of master-page elements on certain pages.

1.
Click the page 1 icon in the lower left corner of the publication window to view the first page.

Since master-page elements are automatically displayed on each page of the publication, the first page of the publication is displayed along with all master-page elements. The master page elements are at the bottom of the stacking order on the page and cannot be moved.

Notice that this page displays an actual page number instead of the page number marker.

2.
Choose Edit > Select All, and notice how none of the master-page elements are selected.

Since the first page is displayed, it is not possible to select text and graphic elements on the master page.

You can easily hide master-page elements on a particular page in your publication, provided it is the current page.

3.
With the first page still displayed, choose View > Display Master Items to deselect the option.

The text and graphic elements that you created disappear, and the nonprinting guides (margin, column, and ruler) are not affected. If you were to print this page, none of the master-page elements would be printed.

4.
Choose View > Display Master Items to again display the master page items.

The first page of the publication is displayed, along with all master-page elements.

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