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Chapter 4. WORKING WITH OBJECTS > Using the Transform Tools

Using the Transform Tools

InDesign also has several tools that let you transform shapes visually: the Scale tool, the Rotation tool, and the Shear tool. All transformations take place in relation to a transformation point. Each object has a default transformation point, but you can change it if necessary.

The Scale tool increases or decreases the size of objects. (See the sidebar on the preceding page for a caution about working with the Scale tool.)

Tip

The InDesign Scale tool changes the point size of text, the size of placed images, and the width of strokes of objects that are scaled.


To use the Scale tool:

1.
Select the object or objects you want to scale.

2.
Click the Scale tool in the Toolbox .

Figure 4.11. The Scale tool in the Toolbox.


3.
If necessary, change the default transformation point by dragging it to a new position .

Figure 4.12. The indicator that the transformation point can he moved to a new position.


4.
Move the cursor away from the transformation point, and drag to scale the object .

Figure 4.13. The curved arrowhead appears while scaling an object.


Tip

Hold down the Shift key to constrain the tool to horizontal, vertical, or proportional scaling.


Tip

To see a preview of the image as you scale, press and hold the mouse button for a moment before you start to drag.


Tip

Hold down the Option/Alt key to copy the object as you scale it.


The Rotation tool changes the orientation of objects.

To use the Rotation tool:

1.
Select an object or objects.

2.
Click the Rotation tool in the Toolbox .

Figure 4.14. The Rotation tool in the Toolbox.


3.
If necessary, change the default transformation point by dragging it to a new position. The cursor changes to indicate the transformation point can be moved.

4.
Move the cursor away from the transformation point, and drag to rotate the object .

Figure 4.15. Rotating an object around the transformation point.


Tip

Hold down the Shift key to constrain the rotation to 45-degree increments.


Tip

Hold down the Option/Alt key to copy the object as you rotate it.


The Shear tool distorts the shape of objects. (See the sidebar on page 70 for a caution about working with the Shear tool.)

To use the Shear tool:

1.
Select an object or objects.

2.
Click the Shear tool in the Toolbox .

Figure 4.16. The Shear tool in the Toolbox.


3.
If necessary, change the transformation point by dragging it to a new position. The cursor changes to indicate the transformation point can be moved.

4.
Move the cursor away from the transformation point, and drag to shear the object .

Figure 4.17. Shearing an object around the transformation point.


InDesign 1.5 also combines the features of the Scale tool and the Rotation tool into the Free Transform tool.

To scale using the Free Transform tool:

1.
Select an object or objects.

2.
Click the Free Transform tool in the Toolbox . A bounding box appears around the object.

Figure 4.18. The Free Transform tool in the Toolbox.


3.
Place the cursor on one of the handles of the bounding box. The cursor changes to a double-headed arrow .

Figure 4.19. The double-headed arrow indicates that the Free Transform tool is in the scale mode.


4.
Drag to increase or decrease the size of the object.

To rotate using the Free Transform tool:

1.
Select an object or objects.

2.
Click the Free Transform tool in the Toolbox . A bounding box appears around the object.

3.
Place the cursor outside one of the handles of the bounding box. The cursor changes to a curved double-headed arrow) .

Figure 4.20. The curved double-headed arrow indicates that the Free Transform tool is in the rotation mode.


4.
Drag to rotate the object clockwise or counter-clockwise.

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