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Color

Two basic methods are used for printing color: Spot color and process color. Spot and process colors can be combined in the same color palette in QuarkXPress. Up to 1,000 colors can be created per file, and they're saved with the file.

The Color Models.

RGB

The computer's native color model. Use for video or on-screen (World Wide Web) output.

HSB

The traditional artist's method for mixing colors based on their individual hue (H), saturation (S), and brightness (B) components.

CMYK

Four-color process printing model in which a multitude of colors are simulated by printing tiny dots of Cyan (C), Magenta (M), Yellow (Y), and Black (K) ink.

Hexachrome

Six-color process printing model, also known as high fidelity or hi-fi color, because it produces very vibrant color. Orange (O) and green (G) inks, in addition to C, M, Y, and K inks, bring the total to six.

Focoltone, Trumatch

Four-color process matching systems for choosing predefined, pre-named process colors (not spot colors). Focoltone colors were designed to lessen the need for trapping colors.

Pantone

The standard spot color matching system. Pantone also has its own process color matching systems.

Toyo, DIC

Spot color matching systems that are primarily used in the Far East.

Multi-ink

A color that is composed of multiple spot and/or process colors.



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