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Chapter 12. Béziers > To merge two or more items:

To merge two or more items:

1.
Choose the Item or Content tool.

2.
Select two or more items. An item can be a line, box, or text path. If you're going to apply any Merge command except Union, arrange them so they at least partially overlap.

3.
Choose Item menu > Merge.

4.
Choose one of the following:

UNION

All items are combined into one overall new item. Items don't have to overlap for the Union effect to work. Use this option to create a complex item from a combination of simple items .

DIFFERENCE

Only the backmost item will remain. All items above the backmost item are deleted. Parts of any item that are on top of and overlap the backmost item are cut out of the backmost item .

INTERSECTION

Any part of an item that overlaps the backmost item will be preserved; parts of items that don't overlap the backmost item are cut away. If you copy the backmost item and place it behind other items, you can then use the Intersection option to trim away (clip) parts of the upper items that extend beyond the backmost item .

REVERSE DIFFERENCE

The backmost item is deleted. Items above the former backmost item are united, and only parts of those items that overlapped the backmost item are cut out of the resulting item. Use this option when you want to produce a shape from items that extend beyond the edge of the backmost item.

EXCLUSIVE OR

All items are combined into one new item. Any areas that overlap the backmost item are cut out from the resulting item. The corners of the cutout areas will have two sets of points—one to control the edge of the cutout item (the hole) and one to control the edge of the background item. Use to create unusual contour shapes on an item and cutout areas on the backmost item. The cutout can be reshaped separately from other parts of the item.

COMBINE

Like Exclusive Or, except that extra points aren't added to the corners of the cutout areas, so you can't adjust the corners of the cutout shapes unless you add corner points.

Note: Difference, Exclusive Or, and Combine will produce the same results if the original overlapping items do not extend beyond the edge of the backmost item.

Join Endpoints

The Join Endpoints command will join a pair of endpoints of two separate text paths (but not boxes, since they have no endpoints) at a time—as long as the points for each pair are positioned near each other. The endpoints will join into one point, and the resulting line will take on the attributes/characteristics (style, weight, color, etc.) of the backmost line. The distance between two endpoints within which the Join Endpoints command works is specified in the Snap Distance field in Edit menu > Preferences > Document > General folder tab.

The Text to Box command converts a copy of one or more standard text characters into a single Bézier picture box. What's more, you can make this conversion and anchor the new Bézier box into its text block—all in one fell swoop!


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