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Chapter 7. Fonts and Encodings > 7.5. Standard LaTeX font support

7.5. Standard LaTeX font support

This section opens with a short introduction to the standard text fonts distributed together with LaTeX: Computer Modern and European Computer Modern. It is followed by a discussion of LaTeX’s standard support packages for input and font encodings. The section concludes by describing a package for tracing LaTeX’s font processing and another package for displaying glyph charts (a package the author used extensively while preparing the later parts of this chapter).

7.5.1. Computer Modern—The LaTeX standard fonts

Original TeX font encoding

Along with TeX, Donald Knuth developed a family of fonts called Computer Modern; see Table 7.5 on the next page. Until the early 1990s, essentially only these fonts were usable with TeX and, consequently, with LaTeX. Each of these text fonts contains 128 glyphs (TeX was working with 7 bits originally), which does not leave room for including accented characters as individual glyphs. Thus, using these fonts means that accented characters have to be produced with the \accent primitive of TeX, which in turn means that automatic hyphenation of words with accented characters is impossible. While this restriction is acceptable with English documents that contain few foreign words, it is a major obstacle for other languages.


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