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Chapter 6. Mastering Floats

Chapter 6. Mastering Floats

Documents would be easier to read if all the material that belonged together was never split between pages. However, this is often technically impossible and TeX will, by default, split textual material between two pages to avoid partially filled pages. Nevertheless, when this outcome is not desired (as with figures and tables), the material must be “floated” to a convenient place, such as the bottom or the top of the current or next page, to prevent half-empty pages.

This chapter shows how “large chunks” of material can be kept conveniently on the same page by using a float object. We begin by introducing the parameters that define how LaTeX typesets its basic figure and table float environments, and we describe some of the packages that make it easy to control float placement (Section 6.2). We then continue by explaining how you can define and use your own floating environments (Section 6.3.1), or, conversely, how captioning commands can be used to enter information into the list of figures and tables for nonfloating material (Section 6.3.2). Then methods for rotating the content of a float are described (Section 6.3.3).


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