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Chapter 4. The Layout of the Page > 4.1. Geometrical dimensions of the layout

4.1. Geometrical dimensions of the layout

The text of a document usually occupies a rectangular area on the paper—the so-called type area or body. Above the text there might be a running header and below it a running footer. They can consist of one or more lines containing the page number; information about the current chapter, section, time, and date; and possibly other markers. If they are visually heavy and closely tied to the text, then these elements are considered to belong to the type area; this is often the case for running headers, especially when underlined. Otherwise, they are considered to belong to the top or bottom margins. This distinction is important when interpreting size specifications.

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The fields to the left and the right of the body are also called margins. Usually they are left blank, but small pieces of text, such as remarks or annotations—so-called marginal notes—can appear there.


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