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### 12.6. Multiple bibliographies in one document

In large documents that contain several independent sections, such as conference proceedings with many different articles, or in a book with separate parts written by different authors, it is sometimes necessary to have separate bibliographies for each of the units. In such a scenario citations are confined to a certain part of the document, the one to which the bibliography list belongs.

A complementary request is to have several bibliographies in parallel, such as one for primary sources and one for secondary literature. In that case one has to be able to reference works in different bibliographies from any point in the document.

Both requests can be automatically resolved if none of the bibliographies contain the same publication1 and you are prepared to produce the bibliographies manually, by means of several thebibliography environments without using BibTeX. In that case the \bibitem commands within the environment provide the right cross-referencing information for the \cite commands (or their variants) to pick up from anywhere in the document. Having the same publication in several bibliographies (or more exactly the same reference key) is not possible, since that would lead to a “multiply defined labels” warning (see page 928) and to incorrect references. Of course, this could be manually corrected by choosing a different key for such problematical citations.

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