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Chapter 6. Formats > To create or edit an H&J:

To create or edit an H&J:

1.
Choose Edit > H&Js (Cmd-Option-H/Ctrl-Alt-H).

2.
To create a new H&J, click New , then enter a name.

or

Click an existing H&J, then click Edit. The Standard H&J can be modified.

3.
Check Auto Hyphenation .

4.
Change any of the hyphenation settings:

In the Smallest Word field, the minimum number of characters a word must contain to be hyphenated. We use 5 or 6.

In the Minimum Before field, the minimum number (1–6) of a word's characters that must precede a hyphen.

In the Minimum After field, the minimum number (2–8) of characters that can follow a hyphen. For the sake of readability, we use 3 rather than the default 2.

Check or uncheck Break Capitalized Words for words that begin with an uppercase character.

In the Hyphens in a Row field, the number of consecutive lines that can end with a hyphen. More than two hyphens in a row can impair readability.

Enter a Hyphenation Zone value above zero to create a more ragged edge (less hyphenation).

5.
To tighten word spacing in justified paragraphs, enter lower Space: Min./Minimum and Space: Max./Maximum values . The subheads and thumb tabs in this book have slightly tightened word spacing. Head lines also tend to look better with tighter-than-normal word (and character) spacing. To loosen word spacing, enter higher values.

To tighten the character spacing in justified paragraphs, enter lower Char: Min./Minimum and Char: Max./Maximum values. To loosen character spacing, enter higher values. Experiment, and make your final judgment from a printout. The effect may vary depending on the font.

To change the word or character spacing in justified and non-justified paragraphs, change either or both of the Opt./Optimum values.

6.
Optional: The Flush Zone, which is the span within which the last word in a justified paragraph must fall in order to be justitifed, can be widened. Single Word Justify forces any single word on a line by itself to justify (this usually occurs at the end of a paragraph). Note: The Forced Justify alignment option justifies single words automatically. In fact, Forced Justify nullifies both the Flush Zone and Single Word Justify setttings.

7.
Click OK.

8.
Click Save. To apply an H&J, follow the instructions on the next page.

TIP

To delete an H&J, click its name, then click Delete. If the H&J is currently applied to text in your document, you'll be prompted to choose a replacement H&J for the deleted one.



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