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Chapter 6. Formats > To insert a paragraph rule:

To insert a paragraph rule:

1.
Choose the Content tool.

2.
Click in a paragraph or drag downward through a series of paragraphs.

3.
Choose Style > Rules (Cmd-Shift-N/Ctrl-Shift-N).

4.
Check Rule Above and/or Rule Below .

5.
Choose or enter a Width . Click Apply to preview (Cmd-A/Alt-A).

6.
Choose Indents or Text from the Length pop-up menu. If you choose Text, the rule will be the width of the first line of text in the paragraph for a Rule Above or the width of the last line of text in the paragraph for a Rule Below (, previous page). If you choose Indents, the rule will be the width of the paragraph, unless you enter a number other than 0 in the From Left and/or From Right field (see step 8). Note: The rule will also be shortened by the Indent values in the Formats dialog box and the Text Inset values in the Modify dialog box (, this page).

7.
Highlight the entire Offset field, and enter the fixed distance (in any measurement unit) that you want to offset the bottom of the Rule Above upward from the baseline of the first line of the paragraph or offset the top of the Rule Below downward from the baseline of the last line of the paragraph. For a Rule Above, enter an Offset that is at least as large as the point size of the type.

or

Enter a percentage Offset (0–100%). A Rule Below with a 20% Offset, for example, would position the rule closer to the bottom of the currently selected paragraph than would an 80% offset. If this method is used and the spacing between the paragraphs is altered, the rule position will adjust automatically. We're not big fans of this option.

8.
Optional: Change the From Left and/or From Right values to indent, and thus shorten, the rule.

9.
Choose a style from the Style pop-up menu (, previous page). To create a custom style, see pages 207–208.

10.
Choose a color from the Color pop-up menu.

11.
Choose or enter a Shade percentage.

12.
Click Apply to preview, then click OK .

Figure 1. In this example, the first line of the paragraph is indented, which causes the rule to indent as well.


Figure 2. To align the rule with the left edge of the rest of the paragraph, as in this example, in the From Left field we entered the same value as the paragraph's left indent, except with a minus sign in front of it: -1p.


Figure 3. A 2-pt Rule Above, Length: Indents, Offset p10


Figure 4. A 2-pt Rule Above, Length: Text, Offset p10


Figure 5. A 2-pt Rule Above, Length: Text, From Left 1p10, Offset p10


Going in reverse

To create a reverse rule, color the text white, and use a negative Offset and a wide width (the point size of the type plus a few points) for the rule. A negative value of up to half the width of the rule can be used. This is a 16-point black Rule Above, Length: Indents, Left and Right Indents: 0, and Offset: -p4. The headline text is 9 pt.



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