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What Is ODBC?

In 1991, Microsoft developed its Open Database Connectivity interface (ODBC). It was designed to address the problem of communicating between database management systems from different vendors. Despite the fact that most database management systems are based on SQL, they were often unable to easily communicate with one another. In 1991, trying to increase its presence in the corporate world, Microsoft saw an opportunity to provide this connectivity, thereby adding value to its desktop systems.

Later, Sun added Java Database Connectivity (JDBC) to the mix. It relies on the same architecture as ODBC, but it makes that architecture available to people writing in Java.


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