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Chapter 21. Stylish Sentences > Flexible Flyers - Pg. 213

Stylish Sentences 213 Vary Sentence Types Mix simple , compound , complex , and compound-complex sentences for a more effective style. Re- view Chapter 13 for a complete discussion of the four sentence types. But while you're here, label each sentence in the following passage. Write simple , compound , complex, or compound-complex for each sentence. (1) The world's most costly meal began with a glass of vinegar. (2) When people are asked to think of the most expensive beverage, vinegar may not immediately come to mind, but it may take the prize for the most expensive drink in history! (3) Cleopatra, queen of Egypt, made history when she made a bet that she could eat, at one meal, the value of a million sesterces, which was many years' wages for the average worker. (4) Everyone thought that her wager was impossible; after all, how could anyone eat so much at a single meal? (5) Cleopatra was able to eat a meal worth so much by putting a million sesterces worth of pearls into a glass of vinegar. (6) She then set the goblet aside while the dinner was served and she waited for the vinegar to dissolve the pearls. (7) At the end of the meal, when it was time for her to fulfill her gamble, she simply drank the dissolved pearls! (8) Cleopatra won her bet because she knew that vinegar would dissolve pearls. Answers 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Simple Compound-complex Complex Complex Simple Compound Complex Compound Vary Sentence Lengths Vary the length of your sentences, too. The unbroken rhythm of monotonous sentence length can lull a reader into unconsciousness. · When your topic is complicated or full of numbers, use simple sentences to aid understanding. And keep them short! · Use longer, more complex sentences to show how ideas are linked together and to avoid rep- etition. The following passage has a boring mix of simple sentences. On a separate sheet of paper, rewrite the passage to vary the sentence types. John Styth Pemberton was born in 1833. He was a pharmacist. He moved to Atlanta, Georgia, in 1869. He created so-called "patent medicines." These were homemade medicines that were sold without a prescription. He made these patent medicines to make a living. Pemberton reg- istered a trademark for a medicine he called "French Wine Coca--Ideal Nerve and Tonic Stimu- lant." This happened fourteen years after he settled in Atlanta. In 1866, Pemberton came up with a headache medicine. He called it "Coca-Cola." He had taken the wine out of the French Wine Coca and added some caffeine. The medicine tasted terrible. At the last minute he added some extract of kola nut and a few other oils. He sold it to soda fountains in used bottles. A few weeks later, a man with a terrible headache hauled himself into a drugstore. The man asked for a spoonful of Coca-Cola. Usually, druggists stirred such headache remedies into a glass of