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Chapter 16. Punctuation: Commas Are Our ... > The Comma: A Major Player - Pg. 161

Punctuation: Commas Are Our Friends 161 In Media Res Use a comma to set off parts of a sentence: Danger, Will Robinson Do not use a comma before the ZIP Code in an address. Also, on an envelope, the Post Office prefers no comma after the city, either. Just two spaces between both the city/state and state/ZIP. · Use a comma to separate parts of a compound sentence. Use the comma before the coordi- nating conjunction. Remember: The coordinating conjunctions are and, but, or, nor, for, so, and yet. The coordinating conjunction is underlined in the following example. Example:The faucet stopped working, and the sink leaks. · Use a comma to set off a direct quotation. Example:He said, "Lawyers are the larval form of politicians." Example:"Lawyers," he said, "are the larval form of politicians." · Use a comma to separate the parts of an address. Example:She lives at 763 Main Street, Farmingdale, New York 11735. Dazed and Confused Use commas to prevent misreading: · Use a comma to clarify any potentially confusing sentences. Huh:To get through a tunnel must be dug. Revised:To get through, a tunnel must be dug. Of course, you're usually much better off just revising the sentences so there is no possibility of a chowderhead misreading your words. Bean Counters Use commas with numbers: Danger, Will Robinson Do not use commas when writing telephone numbers, page numbers, or years. · Use a comma between the day of the month and the year. Examples:December 7, 1941, July 20, 1969 · Use commas to show thousands, millions, and so on. Examples:1,000; 10,000; 100,000; 1,000,000