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Chapter 11. Phrases: Prime-Time Players > Appositives: Something More for Your ... - Pg. 109

Phrases: Prime-Time Players · Make your writing more interesting. Here's an example: 109 Two sentences:Phineas T. Barnum was a great American showman. Barnum was near death in 1891 when a New York newspaper asked if he'd like to have his obituary published while he could still read it. One sentence :Phineas T. Barnum, a great American showman, was near death in 1891 when a New York newspaper asked if he'd like to have his obituary published while he could still read it. More on this and other stylistic devices in Part 5. The Moment of Truth As with appositives, appositive phrases come in two varieties: essential and nonessential. Don't set off essential appositives with commas, but be sure to set off nonessential appositives with commas. Essential appositive: The famous British mystery writer Agatha Christie disappeared in 1924 and was missing for 10 days. Danger, Will Robinson Don't set off essential appositives with commas. Nonessential appositive:Agatha Christie, the famous British mystery writer, disappeared in 1924 and was missing for 10 days. One of the most common writing errors concerns misuse of commas with appositives and appositive phrases. Writers sometimes set off essential appositives with commas, but neglect those poor non- essential ones. You would never do that, would you? To make sure you're not guilty of that comma abuse, let's take a minute to practice, shall we? Add commas as needed to each of the following sentences. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Isadora Duncan a great American dancer of the early twentieth century has become almost as famous for her death as her dancing. John Styth Pemberton an Atlanta pharmacist created the original Coca-Cola in 1886. Richard Nixon is the only American president who was forced to resign his office. King Louis XIV of France a ballet dancer from the time he was a teenager established the Royal Ballet Company. Robert Benchley the American humorist and critic was a member of the Algonquin table of noted wits. Nellie Melba a famous Australian soprano of the late nineteenth and early twentieth century gave her name to a snack food called "melba toast." The centaur a mythological creature is said to feast on raw flesh and prodigious amounts of liquor. Alexander the Great died of a fever. Ferrets a domesticated variety of polecats were first tamed in 1500 B.C.E. by the Egyptians. Some people consider the number 13 unlucky. Answers