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Chapter 3. Parts of Speech: Coming to Te... > Prepositions: Good Things Come in Sm... - Pg. 33

Parts of Speech: Coming to Terms 33 A Note on Prepositions for Non-Native Speakers Using prepositions correctly presents special problems for people whose first language is not Eng- lish. That's because so many prepositional phrases are idiomatic: They have evolved through use and do not necessarily make logical sense. Here are some guidelines: 11. Use in before seasons of the year. Also use in with months and years not followed by specific dates. · in the summer · in January · in 2003 Use on before days of the week, holidays, and months, if the date follows. · on Wednesday · on Thanksgiving · on July 20 Like is a preposition that means "similar to." Therefore, it is followed by an object (usually a noun or pronoun). · like T'Aysha · like you Use the preposition of to show possession. The preposition of is often used to show possession instead of the possessive form of a pro- noun. I hear a puppy's bark. Or: I hear the bark of a puppy. Never use the preposition of with proper nouns. 12. 13. 14. 15. Incorrect:I wore the dress of Nina. Correct:I wore Nina's dress. Following is a list of idiomatic prepositional phrases and examples. Always use these prepo- sitional phrases as units; don't substitute other prepositions. Examples Nico is acquainted with my cousin Raul I am addicted to coffee They finally agreed on a plan Did Betty agree to their demands? The commuters are angry about the fare hike They are angry with the mayor Apply for a job Did she approve of the vacation plan? The casserole consists of squirrel and noodles The red shirt contrasts with the pink pants Is Monday convenient for you? How do you deal with that awful child? Everything depends on the bus schedule The airplane differs from the train I differ with your argument Prepositional Phrases acquainted with addicted to agree on (a plan) agree to (someone else's proposal) angry at or about (a thing) angry with (a person) apply for (a job) approve of consist of contrast with convenient for deal with depend on differ from (something) differ with (a person)