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Chapter 7. Multiple-Vehicle Wrecks: Pron... > A Match Made in Writer's Heaven - Pg. 74

Multiple-Vehicle Wrecks: Pronoun Reference 74 You Could Look It Up A restrictive clause is essential to a sentence; a nonrestrictive clause adds extra meaning, is set off by commas, and can be removed from the sentence. See Chapter 12 for a more detailed description of clauses. 2. That and which refer to things, groups, and unnamed animals. The choice between which and that depends on whether the clause introduced by the pronoun is restrictive or nonrestric- tive. Use that or which for restrictive clauses and which with nonrestrictive clauses. Here are some examples: · Once, at a social gathering, Gladstone said to Disraeli, "I predict, sir, that you will die either by hanging or by some vile disease." (restrictive clause) · Disraeli replied, " That all depends, sir, upon whether I embrace your principles or your mis- tress." (restrictive clause) · Sacred cows, which are holy, make the best hamburger. (nonrestrictive clause) Strictly Speaking Like my thighs, the distinction between that and which is becoming less firm. Some writers still reserve that for restrictive clauses and which for nonrestrictive clauses. Others don't.