Don't Go There: Words and Expressions to Avoid 244 2. · Latino is the preferred designation for Mexican Americans, Puerto Ricans, Dominicans, and other people with Central and Latin American backgrounds. · Senior citizen is preferred over old person. Focus on people, not their conditions. Biased:mentally retarded people Nonbiased:people with mental retardation Biased:the blind Nonbiased:people with vision impairments Biased:cancer patients Nonbiased:people being treated for cancer Biased:abnormal, afflicted, struck down 3. Nonbiased:atypical Identify someone's race only if it is relevant to your story. And if you do mention one person's race, be sure to mention everyone else's. You Could Look It Up