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Chapter 6. Section 1 Review > Working with Words

Working with Words

QUESTIONING

Each of the following sentences contains an italicized word. A series of questions follows each sentence. Decide which questions will help you use your common sense to determine the meaning of the italicized word. For each question, circle U if the question is useful; circle N if the question is not useful.

1:The store tried to expedite shipping the appliances because the buyers were in a hurry.

UNWhat does a store try to do for customers who are in a hurry?
UNWhy were the buyers in a hurry?


2:The shopping center decided to expand its parking lot to have room for the increasing number of customers.

UNWhat was the goal of the shopping center in doing this to its parking lot?
UNWhat can be done to parking lots to make more room?
UNWhy were there more customers?


3:Since the report looked boring, Gina added charts and graphs to enhance its appearance.

UNWhat was in the charts and graphs?
UNWhat would adding charts and graphs do to the appearance of a boring report?


4:The suggestions were very constructive; they were practical, easy to follow, and would lead to a better product.

UNAre practical suggestions that lead to a better product considered helpful?
UNWhat kinds of things can suggestions be?


5:The obsolete equipment was replaced with modern machinery.

UNWhat kind of equipment would be replaced with modern machinery?
UNIs it expensive to buy new equipment?


TRUE OR FALSE?

Circle T or F to indicate whether each of the following statements is true or false. On a separate sheet of paper, state why you chose that answer.

1:The manager admonished the employee for his poor work habits.

TFThe manager did not care about the employee's work habits.
TFThe manager scolded the employee.


2:She accrued so many debts that year that she could not pay them all.

TFShe paid all her bills each month.
TFHer debts added up over time.


3:George required close supervision, but Ray worked well autonomously.

TFRay did car repairs.
TFRay worked independently.


4:Susan was known for her brevity; her reports were always short.

TFSusan talked too much.
TFSusan was brave.


5:Their conclusion, which was based on conjecture, turned out to be wrong.

TFThey knew magic.
TFThey had all the facts.


MULTIPLE CHOICE (DEFINITIONS)

Circle the letter next to the answer that best defines the italicized word. Use context clues to help you decide which answer is best. Underline the signal that tells you to watch for a definition.

1:The report was completed in haste and was replete with, or ________________, errors.

(a) sent with

(b) copied with

(c) full of

(d) revised with

2:They frequently asked the elderly woman because she was known for her sagacity, or ________________, for advice.

(a) beauty

(b) wisdom

(c) stew

(d) birthplace

3:The rest and relaxation had a salubrious, or ________________, effect on the overworked manager.

(a) healing

(b) dangerous

(c) political

(d) patriotic

4:The judge threatened to revoke his license if he drove over the speed limit again. In other words, his license would be ________________.

(a) canceled

(b) temporary

(c) expensive

(d) expired

5:The many pages of his writing were evidence that Sean took copious notes at the meeting. In other words, he took ________________ notes.

(a) many

(b) someone else's

(c) sacred

(d) sloppy

MULTIPLE CHOICE (COMPARISONS AND EXAMPLES)

Circle the letter next to the answer that best defines the italicized word. Use the context clues of comparison and example to help you decide. Underline the signal that tells you to watch for a comparison or example.

1:The new employee was as gregarious as a politician at a fund-raising party.

(a) gristly

(b) agrarian

(c) sociable

(d) tall

2:Like peas in a pod, their answers were nearly identical.

(a) alike

(b) toothy

(c) green

(d) correct

3:The changes in the organization were premature, like unripe fruit.

(a) forgotten

(b) too late

(c) too soon

(d) too serious

4:An example of her procrastination was that she repeatedly put off doing the reports.

(a) writing

(b) delaying

(c) sour attitude

(d) height

5:Gossip can be as malicious as the curse of an evil witch.

(a) masculine

(b) juicy

(c) true

(d) spiteful

MULTIPLE CHOICE (OPPOSITES AND CONTRASTS)

Circle the letter next to the answer that best defines the italicized word. Use the context clues of opposite and contrast to help you decide. Underline the signal that tells you to watch for an opposite or contrast.

1:Because her intentions were explicit, not hidden, they could predict her answer.

(a) unknown

(b) bad

(c) good

(d) obvious

2:His response was ambiguous; it was not clear.

(a) indefinite

(b) no

(c) large

(d) black

3:The advice was very prudent; it was not reckless.

(a) ready

(b) expensive

(c) jolly

(d) cautious

4:Unlike her co-workers who were often late, Sally was always punctual.

(a) doubtful

(b) on time

(c) empty-headed

(d) prepared

5:His brother was parsimonious, but Jorge was quite generous.

(a) vegetarian

(c) stingy

(b) ceremonious

(d) married

MULTIPLE CHOICE (CAUSE AND EFFECT)

Circle the letter next to the answer that best defines the italicized word. Use the context clues of cause and effect to help you decide. Underline the signal that tells you to watch for a cause or effect.

1:Because Ben was preoccupied with other matters, he did not listen carefully.

(a) thinking about

(b) tired of

(c) out of town for

(d) deaf

2:The accounting statement was the preliminary one; therefore, another statement would be distributed showing the final numbers.

(a) preparatory

(c) lined

(b) wrong

(d) written

3:The company performed preventive maintenance on all the delivery vans in order to preclude possible problems in the future.

(a) ignore

(c) avoid

(b) keep

(d) mainstream

4:Her excuse was plausible, so her supervisor believed it.

(a) probable

(b) detailed

(c) long

(d) on time

5:If the funds had been allocated properly, then everyone would have received a fair share.

(a) stolen

(b) filed

(c) distributed

(d) spent

USING YOUR WORDS (REVIEW)

Use each of the following words in a sentence that also gives its meaning.

1:disbursed
2:determined
3:negligence
4:frequency

Use each of the following words in a sentence. Include a comparison, example, or contrast signal to help make the meaning clear.

1:explicit
2:precision
3:endeavors
4:amendments
5:optional
6:equivalent

Use each of the following words in a sentence. Include a cause-and-effect signal to help make the meaning clear.

1:remit
2:insufficient
3:clarification
4:proficient



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