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Chapter 6. Section 1 Review > Cause and Effect - Pg. 25

Section 1 Review 25 Many times you can determine the meaning of a term from examples provided in the text. Use your common sense, experience, and background knowledge to evaluate what the examples have in common. Sometimes examples are simply listed. Other times, however, signal words are used, such as the following: for example such as especially specifically for instance including particularly among the most (least, best, etc.) examples include like in particular Opposites and Contrasts Statements that include contrasts or opposites often provide valuable information. Use a clue about what a word or phrase is not in order to judge what the word or phrase might be. Common signals of opposites and contrasts include the following: not unlike but despite in contrast to however although nonetheless Sometimes contrasts are established according to what was, what is, and what will be. These con- trasts are almost always indicated by a signal word, such as the following: formerly now in the past but then previously presently but now before in the future after Cause and Effect Cause and effect is often associated with if/then or when/then statements. (The word then is often omitted.) Other signals of a cause-and-effect relationship include the following: thus resulting as so that therefore because due to in order to consequently since therefore hence Working with Words QUESTIONING Each of the following sentences contains an italicized word. A series of questions follows each sentence. Decide which questions will help you use your common sense to determine the meaning of the italicized word. For each question, circle U if the question is useful; circle N if the question is not useful. 1: The store tried to expedite shipping the appliances because the buyers were in a hurry. U U N N What does a store try to do for customers who are in a hurry? Why were the buyers in a hurry? 2: The shopping center decided to expand its parking lot to have room for the increasing number of cus- tomers.