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Contrasts in Time

Since changes occur from past to present and from present to future, sometimes contrasts are established between what was, what is, and what will be. One signal for these differences is the word formerly; another is previously. Now and in the future also signal possible contrasts, as do in the past with a phrase such as but now, and before and after.

WHAT DO YOU KNOW?

Write a definition of the italicized word in each of the following sentences, using the blank space provided. Underline the signals that tell you to watch for contrast in time.

1:The office was in close proximity to Ann's house before she moved; now she lives an hour's drive away.

proximity: _______________

A1: How do you know that proximity means “near”? What signal was used for contrast?
2:A signature on this form was previously optional; now it is required.

optional: _______________

A2: How do you know that optional means “not required”? What signal was used for contrast?



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