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Chapter 4. Words, Words, Words > Formal and Informal English - Pg. 42

Words, Words, Words 2. Avoid expressions that exclude one sex. Biased:mankind 42 3. Nonbiased:humanity, humankind, people Use the correct courtesy title. Use Mr. for men and Ms. for women, but professional titles take precedence over Mr. and Ms. For example, when I'm teaching at the university, I am Dr. Ro- zakis rather than Ms. Rozakis. Write Angles Always use the title the person prefers, even if it's not politically correct. If a woman wishes to be ad- dressed as "Miss" rather than "Ms.," that's her choice--not yours. 4. 5. Refer to a group by the term it prefers. Lan-guage changes, so be aware of the current pre- ferred terms. Here's the latest buzz: · "Asian" is preferred over "Oriental." · "Inuit" is preferred over "Eskimo." · "Latino" is the preferred designation for people with Central and Latin American back- grounds. Focus on people, not their conditions. Biased:mentally retarded Nonbiased:people with mental retardation Formal and Informal English You wouldn't wear a long gown or a tuxedo to the beach, or shorts to a wedding in a banquet hall. (Okay, so maybe you would, but we won't go there.) You suit your clothing to the occasion. Similarly, you suit your language to your audience and purpose. Author! Author! Names are a special class of words. Many cultures believe that a person's name expresses his or her soul and should not be given or taken away. According to the 1999 World Almanac, the five most common names for boys are Michael, Christopher, Matthew, Joshua, and Nicholas. For girls, it's Ashley, Sarah, Jessica, Kaitlyn, and Brittany.