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Chapter 14. Why Not See It My Way?: Pers... > How's That Again? Logical Fallacies - Pg. 162

Why Not See It My Way?: Persuasion and Argumentation 162 Method #3: Show the Opposition Has Merit, but Your Point Is Stronger For a whizbang argument, acknowledge the other side, but rebut with your own point--and make it a real humdinger. Here's how one writer did it: Now, time to look at some of the errors that writers make in logic when they construct a persuasive essay. After you read this section, I can rest assured that you'll never make any of these errors. (Promise?) How's That Again? Logical Fallacies While driving to his next performance, a juggler was stopped by the police. "What are those knives doing in your car?" asked the officer. "I juggle them in my act." "Oh yeah?" says the cop. "Let's see you do it." So the juggler starts tossing and juggling the knives. A guy driving by sees this and says, "Wow, am I glad I quit drinking. Look at the test they're making you do now!" Faulty logic--like the example here--can demolish the most carefully constructed persuasive essay. It's one of the surest ways to lose your readers. Following are the most common logical fallacies, errors in reasoning. They are arranged in alphabetical order. · Ambiguity.Deliberately using expressions that are confusing because they have more than one meaning. · Argument to the person.Attacking the person rather than the topic. · Begging the question.Circular reasoning that offers the argument itself as proof. · Bogus claims.The writer promises more than he or she can deliver.