Share this Page URL

Chapter 15. Picture This: Description > Tools of the Trade - Pg. 174

Picture This: Description 174 Write Angles Use rhyme to create a musical sound, meaning, and structure in your poems. · Foot.A group of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry. · Free verse.Poetry without a regular pattern of rhyme and meter. · Meter.The beat or rhythm in a poem, created by a pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables. The most common meter in English poetry is iambic pentameter . · Refrain.A line or a group of lines that are re-peated at the end of a poem. Refrains serve to reinforce the main point and create musical effects. · Rhyme.The repeated use of identical or nearly identical sounds. End rhyme occurs when words at the end of lines of poetry have the same sound. Internal rhyme occurs when words within a sentence share the same sound, as in "Each narrow cell in which we dwell." · Rhythm.The pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables that create a beat, as in music. The meter of a poem is its rhythm. · Stanza.A group of lines in a poem, like a paragraph in an essay. Yes, I know I packed a lot in here, but let's just take it slow. First, read the list over a few more times. Then look back at some of the poems I've included in this chapter, some of your own favorites, and some you've written yourself. See how many of the elements listed here you can find in the poems. Finally, try using some of these elements when you write your own poems. Figures of Speech Figurative language, words and expressions not meant to be taken literally, uses words in fresh, new ways to appeal to the imagination. Figures of speech include alliteration, hyperbole, image, metaphor, onomatopoeia, and simile. Let's look at them now: · Alliteration.The repetition of initial consonant sounds in several words in a sentence or line of poetry. Use alliteration to create musical effects, link related ideas, stress certain words, or mimic specific sounds. · Hyperbole.An exaggeration used for a literary effect such as emphasis, drama, or humor. Here is an example: "I'm so hungry, I could eat a horse." · Image.A word that appeals to one or more of our five senses: sight, hearing, taste, touch, or smell. · Metaphor.A comparison between two unlike things, without the words "like" or "as." "My heart is a singing bird" is a metaphor. · Onomatopoeia.The use of words to imitate the sounds they describe, as in crack, hiss, and buzz. · Simile.A comparison between two unlike things, using the words "like" or "as" to make the comparison, as in "A dream put off dries up like a raisin in the sun." Remember that figures of speech are usually appropriate in any of the four kinds of writing. The right figure of speech can enhance everything you write--not just poetry.