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Chapter 15. Picture This: Description > Tools of the Trade - Pg. 173

Picture This: Description 173 Following are some of the traditional poetic forms and an explanation of each one. If you can't make up your mind which variety to try, try expressing the same idea in different forms to see which one(s) work best for you. (This is the same concept as ordering a triple-decker ice-cream cone to see which flavor you like best. Ain't life grand?) · Ballad.A story told in song form, with a strong rhythm, repetition, and simple words. · Epic.A long story poem written in an elevated style, presenting high-born characters in a series of adventures that portray key events in the history of a nation. · Haiku.A three-line poem with a total of 17 syllables. The first and third lines have five syllables each; the second line has seven syllables. Haiku creates a distinct emotion and suggests a spiritual insight, often through images from nature. · Limerick.A humorous five-line poem. The first, second, and fifth lines rhyme, and the third and fourth rhyme. Most limericks are ribald. · Lyric poems.A brief, musical poem that presents a speaker's feelings. · Narrative poems.A poem that tells a story, either through a story or through a dramatic situation. · Sonnet.A lyric poem of 14 lines written in iambic pentameter . In "Italian" sonnets, the first eight lines rhyme abba, abba, and present the problem; the concluding six lines rhyme cde, cde, and resolve the problem. In "English" sonnets, the poet describes the problem in the first 12 lines, which rhyme abab, cdcd, efef, and resolves it in the final two lines, which rhyme gg . Tools of the Trade Traditionally, poems had a specific rhythm and rhyme, but modern poetry such as free verse doesn't have regular beat, rhyme, or line length. Before you start your poems, let's review the different tools you have to work with: poetic elements and figures of speech. Pick and choose from these elements