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Chapter 26. Grammar 101 > Usage Errors - Pg. 306

Grammar 101 306 Writer's Block In general, avoid idioms when you're writing for a multicultural audience, since idioms are culturally linked. Error: Redundancy. Correction: If you reread your work, you will find that a great deal of repetition can be avoided by careful editing. Here's your motto: short and sweet. If your writing is concise, people will be more likely to make it to the end. If you reach a crosswalk on the ocean of life, avoid mixed metaphors. 18. Word Watch Redundancy is using unnecessary words. Error: Amixed metaphor. Correction: If you reach a crosswalk on the road of life, avoid mixed metaphors. Metaphors are figures of speech that compare two unlike things to explain the less-familiar object. When used correctly, metaphors make your writing more descriptive and precise. For a metaphor to convey meaning, however, it must compare images or objects that go together. Here, we're matching "crosswalk" and "road." The Least You Need to Know · Write complete sentences. (A sentence is a group of words with a subject and predicate that expresses a complete thought.) · Punctuation is important because it helps determine meaning. The most common errors occur with apos- trophes, commas, semicolons, and exclamation marks. · Correct errors in agreement, pronouns, and adverbs. · Place pronouns close to their antecedents, don't use double negatives, and avoid dangling participles. · Consider your audience when you use the passive voice, end a sentence with a preposition, and split an infinitive.