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Chapter 5. Clause and Effect > Clause-ality - Pg. 54

Clause and Effect The following examples show how sentences can be improved with phrases: Wordy:Laverne positioned the cream pie carefully. She threw it at the clown's face. Concise:Positioning the cream pie carefully, Laverne threw it at the clown's face. Wordy:You are given an open-book exam, which is likely to make you forget your book. Corollary:You are given a take-home test, which is likely to make you forget where you live. Concise:If you are given an open-book exam, you will forget your book. Corollary:If you are given a take-home test, you will forget where you live. 54 Clause-ality A clause is a group of words with its own subject and verb. Writers are very fond of clauses because clauses ... · · · · · Add detail to a sentence. Help you combine ideas and reduce bulk. Sharpen meaning. Link related ideas. Show the relationship among ideas. Write Angles Here's one instance where length doesn't matter, because both dependent and independent clauses can be short or long. Clauses come in two flavors: 1. 2. An independent clause is a complete sentence; it can stand alone. A dependent (subordinate) clause is part of a sentence; it cannot stand alone. The following table lists examples of each type of clause. Dependent Clause People who succeed in politics If at first you don't succeed You never really learn to swear Independent Clause must often rise above their principles. destroy all evidence that you tried. until you learn to drive. Let's look at each type of clause in greater detail, starting with dependent clauses. Dependent Clauses Dependent clauses add additional information to a main clause, but they don't express a complete thought. As a result, a dependent clause depends on its connection to an independent clause to make sense.