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Chapter 5. Clause and Effect > Going Through a Phrase: Phrases - Pg. 46

Clause and Effect · · · · With a hint of mint At the ant farm Trekking from pillar to post To lose 15 pounds 46 Word Watch A phrase is a group of words without a subject and verb that serves as a single part of speech. · Frolicking naked in the public fountain · The breathtaking backdrop of the Dew Drop Inn Each one is a phrase, a group of words that functions in a sentence as a single part of speech. Phrases do not have subjects or verbs. As a result, a phrase cannot stand alone as an independent unit. You use phrases in your writing to make your meaning more precise by describing, limiting, and expanding ideas. Parts of Speech Parts of speech are classified into eight categories: adjectives, adverbs, conjunctions, interjections, nouns, prepositions, pronouns, and verbs. Here's how it shakes down: · Adjectives are words that describe nouns or pronouns. They tell what kind, which one, how much, or how many. · Adverbs are words that describe verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs. They answer the questions when? where? how? or to what extent? · Conjunctions connect words and show how they're related. And, but, yet, and because are just a few of the conjunctions available for your writing pleasure. · Interjections are words that show strong emotion. Oh, Wow, and Hey are all interjections. · Nouns name people, places, or things. Book, essay, and best-seller are all nouns. · Prepositions link nouns or pronouns following them to other words in sentences. To, by, over, in, and from are prepositions. · Pronouns are words used in place of a noun or another pronoun. I, you, we, and they are some of the most commonly used pronouns. · Verbs name actions or describe states of being. Jump, run, hire, and to be are all verbs.