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Chapter 8. Types of Speeches > The Three Main Kinds of Public Speaking - Pg. 56

Types of Speeches 56 In the previous chapters, you learned about the communication process, along with some wide- spread communication difficulties. In this chapter, you'll explore different kinds of public speaking tasks. The following sections give you a list arranged in alphabetical order for quick, easy reference. But first, let's take an overview of the three different kinds of public speaking. The Three Main Kinds of Public Speaking Some people seem to be able to stand up in front of a group and talk about anything at any time. In large part, their social ease is due to a complete understanding of the different speaking tasks. These speakers are familiar with each type of speech, inside and out. They know how different speeches are organized and delivered. And they know how to be true to themselves and to their audience. So will you. All speeches fall into one or more of these three categories: speeches that inform, speeches that persuade, or speeches that entertain. We'll examine each of these in greater detail. Speeches That Inform Class Act Because people absorb information much more readily when it is interesting, it is especially important to fill informative speeches with details. Visual aids such as graphs, charts, and video clips are a great way to make information clear and palatable. See Chapter 25, "A Thousand Words: Visual Aids," for step-by-step instruc- tions for using audio-visual aids. Speeches that inform fulfill the following actions: · · · · · · Explain Report Describe Clarify Define Demonstrate Even though sometimes these speeches may move your audience to action or belief, their primary purpose is to present facts, details, and examples. (That's why they're classified as informative speeches. Speeches that inform are discussed in depth in Chapter 20, "Informational Speeches.") Speeches That Persuade Speeches that persuade are designed to convince. When your goal is to influence your audience's beliefs or attitudes, you're speaking to persuade. You can approach the persuasive speech from a number of angles: You can use your own credibility to strengthen your argument. You can appeal to your audience's emotions, reasons, or sense of right and wrong. But whatever you do, your speech must include information that supports the logic of your position. These types of speeches are covered in depth in Chapter 21, "Persuasive Speeches."