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Chapter 8. Types of Speeches > A-to-Z Speeches - Pg. 60

Types of Speeches Speaker Senator Member of Congress Cardinal Archbishop Bishop Priest Monsignor Protestant clergy Doctor of Divinity Doctor of law Lutheran clergy Rabbi Title Senator (last name) Mr. or Ms. (last name), Representative from (name of state) His Eminence, Cardinal (last name) The Most Reverend, The Archbishop of (name of the state) Bishop (last name) The Reverend Father (last name) Monsignor (last name) Mr. (last name), Ms. (last name) Dr. (last name) Dr. (last name) Pastor (last name) Rabbi (last name) 60 Job Interviews Interviewing candidates for a job is one of the touchiest areas of informative speech because what an interviewer should--and should not say--at an employment interview is subject to strict federal guidelines. Chapter 20 explains the guidelines for this speaking situation. Job Training Sessions As a type of informative speaking, job training sessions are unusual because they involve much more audience participation than most informative speech situations. As a result, you'll want to urge audience members to participate actively. Often, the speaker functions more as a moderator. Try these suggestions: · Limit the information you will cover. · Organize the information in an easy-to-follow manner. · Include ample visual aids, such as handouts, videos, charts, and graphs to clarify difficult con- cepts. · Think about dividing the audience into small groups to discuss the presentation. See Chapter 20 for more detailed instructions on preparing to speak at job training sessions. Nominations A speech that nominates a candidate can be a simple statement: "I nominate Hector Ruiz for the office of president." Or, it can be more elaborate, giving the audience an explanation of your can- didate's qualifications and attempting to generate excitement about your candidate. The first type of nomination is an informative speech; the second type is a persuasive one. See Chapter 21 for a detailed explanation of the second type of nomination. Presentations You've been selected to give the plaque, certificate, bond, or pat on the back to the deserving honoree. These speeches include two main steps: (1) praise the recipient; (2) hand over the gift. Your praise should be simple and sincere. Do research to find a relevant but special aspect of the recipient's background to praise. Keep your speech factual and straightforward.