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Chapter 14. Time to Outline > What, Me Outline? - Pg. 108

Time to Outline 108 Want to get your speeches moving? Outlining will help you. There's no guarantee that a solid outline will solve all your speech problems (and help you lose that spare tire and bring about world peace), but a good outline will help you organize your thoughts in a logical manner. And that's a lot of the battle when it comes to speaking in public with confidence. In earlier chapters, you learned how to develop and organize the ideas in your speech. This chapter explains how to take those ideas and arrange them in an outline to form the framework for a written speech. First, we'll discuss the importance of outlining for any kind of speech. Then we'll cover the different kinds of outlines. Finally, I'll share some tricks to help you prepare outlines quickly and easily. What, Me Outline? Why bother with an outline? Why not skip right to the speech-writing itself? There's a lot of good reasons to take the time to make an outline. And here they are: · An outline shows you the entire structure of your speech. This enables you to see whether you've arranged main ideas and supporting details in the best possible way. It also helps you make sure that you have given each part of your speech enough emphasis. · Outlines let you see at a glance if you've forgotten anything important. · An outline helps you see clearly what you want to communicate to your audience. It's all neatly laid out for you to review. · Reading your outline helps you memorize how your speech is organized. When you stand before your audience, you'll have a visual image of your speech's "bones." As a result, you'll have the confidence that comes with being well prepared. And more confidence means less stage fright. How to Know a Good Outline When You See One Of course, the amount of detail and arrangement of subtopics on your outline will depend on your topic, audience, and previous experience in public speaking. Often, novice speakers are more comfortable with fuller outlines; more experienced speakers go with pared-down versions. But even accomplished speakers will prepare a detailed outline when the audience and occasion demand it. Class Act Like Spandex bike shorts, outlines have a startling ability to reveal deficiencies. Looking back over your outline might reveal that you have used only one kind of detail, for example, when you need a lot more. Three types of outlines are used for public speaking: The full-text outline, the key word outline, and the note card outline. Let's learn about them now, shall we? Full-Text Outline As its name suggests, the full-text outline is the complete speech in outline form. Each major idea and all supporting ideas are written out in complete sentences. This provides you with the full meaning of all ideas, as well as their relationship to other ideas. In addition, the sources for all research are included, either in the outline itself or in a Works Cited section in the back of the outline. This outline offers speakers a complete scaffolding for their speech.