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Chapter 6. Facilitation Techniques > How Much Do the Learners Already Know?

How Much Do the Learners Already Know?

The choice of type of learning activity must depend on the level of knowledge and skills that the learners already possess. This is a main area you should focus on when you check the learning objectives and the activities in the course design. It is also a major piece of information you should glean from the audience profile.

Sometimes the information you gather about the learners indicates that you must adjust a learning activity to meet the knowledge or skill level of your learners. A good guideline is that learners should have the first crack at the learning so that the learning activity chosen engages them at the highest level they can manage. That’s why facilitators use structured discovery exercises at the beginning of a course or lesson for experienced learners: Because the learners know something of the content, they are able to generate some content themselves, and the facilitator confirms and builds on that knowledge.


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