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Passive Construction

Use active verbs. The standard order of sentences is subject (performer of action), verb, and object (receiver of action). In passive construction, the order is reversed: The object is first, followed by a form of the verb be (am, is, are, was, were, have been, is being) with the main verb. The subject is last, usually preceded by the word by.

Passive: The check was signed by my supervisor. [7 words]
  The letter is being typed by the assistant. [8 words]
  He practices what has been taught. [By whom is implied.]
Active: My supervisor signed the check. [5 words]
  The assistant is typing the letter. [6 words]
  He practices what the trainer taught us.



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