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Chapter 2. Proofreading for Accuracy > Know Your Grammar Terms

Know Your Grammar Terms

It’s important to proofread documents for grammatical accuracy. You may be thinking, “Oh no, not grammar. I hated grammar in school. I can’t remember anything!” Don’t worry—it’s been a few years since most of us have had a grammar class. Let’s take a stroll down memory lane together. Review the terms commonly associated with grammar. We’ve included a definition and examples for each.

Adjective: A modifier that describes nouns EXAMPLES: three pages, blue folder, competent manager
Adverb: A modifier that describes verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs EXAMPLES: typed quickly, change occurred slowly, she speaks well
Antecedent: A noun to which a pronoun refers EXAMPLE: Mary paid her fee on Monday.
Clause: A group of related words that contains a subject and a verb. An independent clause expresses a complete thought and can stand alone as a sentence. A dependent clause does not express a complete thought and cannot stand alone as a sentence. EXAMPLES: (independent clause) We are not able to provide a quote for this group; (dependent clause) If you complete this form
Conjunction: A connecting word EXAMPLES: and, or, but, neither, nor
Interjection: Expresses exclamation EXAMPLES: Wow! Help! Fire!
Modifier: A word, clause, or phrase that describes a word Adjectives and adverbs are examples of modifiers. EXAMPLES: The handsome, wealthy man walked quickly into the cold, dimly lit boardroom.
Noun: Person, place, thing, object, idea a EXAMPLES: computer, secretary, Ms. Jackson, office



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