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Pronunciation > Exercise #11 for Practice - Pg. 27

Finding Gold in the Dictionary 27 · When possible, divide words between consonants. Examples: em·brace, in·struct, ram·ble . Ex- ception: Do not divide such groupings as ph, th, ch, or sh as these letters make a single sound. Pronunciation Your dictionary helps you to pronounce its main entry words by showing pronunciation symbols in parentheses, following the entry word. A key to the pronunciation symbols is usually in the front of the dictionary, and part of this key is also printed at the bottom of every page or every other page for easy reference. Dictionaries may differ in the way they use marking and symbols to indicate pronunciation, but they are also alike in some ways. They have the following in common: · · · · They all respell words to match the way they sound when spoken. Vowels are marked to show you how they should sound. Words are divided into syllables to show how they are spoken. Accents (the emphasis the voice gives to certain syllables) are marked. Here is an example--the pronunciation of the word dictionary in Webster's College Dictionary. Let's start by analyzing the vowels. The first vowel is . By checking the pronunciation key at the bottom of the right-hand page, you will find that an i with this mark over it, ? (it looks like a tiny toenail paring), is pronounced like the i in sit. The next vowel, is a schwa, and it sounds like uh. An upside-down e indicates a schwa sound. The pronunciation key tells us that the next vowel, , is pronounced like the e in set. The final vowel, e has a long mark over it,¯. It is pronounced like the e in easy. Now let's look at the consonants. The d is pronounced d. The c is pronounced k. The ti is pronounced sh. The n is pronounced n, and the r is pronounced r. Now notice the accent marks. The word dictionary has two accents, one heavier than the other. The heavy accent,', shows that the first syllable gets the most emphasis or stress. The light accent,', shows that the third syllable gets some stress, but not as much as the first. To become familiar with the pronunciation key in your dictionary, study the explanation at the be- ginning of the dictionary. As you and your dictionary become better acquainted, you can read the symbols faster and more easily. Eventually, you will not need to use the pronunciation key, except for unusual situations. Exercise #11 for Practice Use the following pronunciation key to translate the following quotations into written English. Write your answers in the spaces below. Then check your answers at the end of this section.